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3.15: Sección 1 - Gramática - Mandatos y colocación de pronombres

  • Page ID
    209714
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    Mandatos con un pronombre

    What happens when we have direct object (e.g. lo, la), indirect object (e.g. le), or reflexive (e.g. me, te, se) pronouns with a command? Where do the pronouns go?

    The answer is the same for both formal and informal commands, and depends on whether the command is affirmative or negative.

     

    For affirmative commands, the pronoun gets attached to the verb's end:

    For negative commands, the pronoun goes after "no" and before the verb:

    Hazlo temprano.

    No lo hagas tarde.

    usted(es)

    Hága(n)lo temprano.

    No lo haga(n) tarde.

     

    Mandatos con múltiples pronombres

    When adding more than one pronoun at a time, the same rules as above apply. Additionally, the indirect object pronoun always goes before the direct object pronoun.:

     

    For affirmative commands, both pronouns get attached to the verb's end:

    For negative commands, both pronouns go after "no" and before the verb:

    Cómpramelo. [el regalo]

    No me lo niegues.

    usted(es)

    Cómpre(n)melo.

    No me lo niegue(n).

     

    If you need a more detailed review of accents and why you need them, you can find more information in Chapter Six.

     

    An important note on affirmative commands with pronouns:

    When attaching a pronoun or pronouns to the end of affirmative  or usted(es) commands, an accent mark gets added to the verb if the resulting word has more than two syllables:

    • Di la verdad. >> Dime la verdad. >> Dímela.
    • Coman la manzana. >> Cómanla.

     

    En resumen

    Clicking on the image below will bring you to a video that reviews tú, usted, ustedes commands and the placement of pronouns.

    Videolección: Repaso de los mandatos

    Clapper revised.png

    The table below summarizes both the affirmative and negative forms of formal and informal commands.

    Formas de los mandatos

      affirmative negative

    3rd person singular of the simple present:

    habla, come, vive, trae, juega, oye

    present subjunctive:

    no hables, no comas, no vivas, no traigas, no juegues, no oigas

    usted(es)

    present subjunctive:

    hable(n), coma(n), viva(n), traiga(n), juegue(n), oiga(n)

    present subjunctive:

    no hable(n), no coma(n), no viva(n), no traiga(n), no juegue(n), no oiga(n)

    For information on the regional forms "vos" and "vosotros", click the images below.

     

    vos logo.png vosotros logo.png

    This page adapted from 52. El modo imperativo / Commands by Enrique Yepes, licensed under CC BY-NC-SA, and from 6.1: Mandatos formales e informales by Nancy Ballesteros, Alejandro Lee, Nicolás Cristoso, & Cristina Moon through ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative, licensed under CC BY-NC-SA.

     

    ¡A practicar!

    Actividad 1

    En grupos, hagan un póster para los niños de una escuela primaria indicando 5 cosas que cada persona debe hacer y 5 cosas que no debe hacer para cuidarse de sí mismx. Usen mandatos para dar los consejos, y usen por lo menos 5 verbos reflexivos (si necesitan ideas para verbos reflexivos, pueden encontrar una lista extensa aquí).


    3.15: Sección 1 - Gramática - Mandatos y colocación de pronombres is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Kim Armstrong, Ana Anderson, and Jialing Liu.