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Humanities LibreTexts

11: The Industrial Revolution (1800 CE – 1899 CE)

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  • The 19th century was a time of transformation around the world and the concepts and principles of art were revolutionized as part of the broad changes in the art world. Instead of lasting several decades or centuries, art movements changed every 10-20 years as artists experimented with technology and the innovative ideas. The industrial revolution brought prosperity, an emerging middle class, and people with time on their hands to enjoy life. Transportation gave the general population and artists the ability to travel to other countries, exposure to other cultures, to study and learn new art methods. Art around the world changed and became incorporated into everyday life, no longer controlled by royalty, government, or religion.

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