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3.16: Gramática- Conjugación de verbos regulares en -er/-ir

  • Page ID
    • Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small
    • SUNY Oneonta via OER SUNY

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    • Identify the correct conjugation of verbs in the present tense that end in -er & -ir

    These verbs are conjugated similarly to –ar verbs, but with different characteristic vowels. In order to form the present tense—just as you did with –ar verbs—remove the –er or –ir ending from the infinitive, and then add the following endings to the stem:

    Photo of a handwritten sign reading "Vivimos en la era del plástico, muy útil y todo, pero..." with pictures of fish with x's for eyes, surrounded by plastic bottles
    Woman speaking into a microphone. The sign behind her reads "La historia la ganan los que escriben"
    “History is won by those who write it.”

    beber (to drink)
    (stem: beb)
    singular plural
    yo bebo nosotros bebemos
    tú bebes vosotros bebéis
    él/ella/usted bebe ellos/ellas/ustedes beben
    vivir (to live)
    (stem: viv)
    singular plural
    yo vivo nosotros vivimos
    tú vives vosotros vivís

    él/ella/usted vive

    ellos/ellas/ustedes viven

    Notice that the only differences between the endings of -er and -ir verbs in the present tense occur in the nosotros and vosotros forms.

    • Yo vivo con mis compañeros de cuarto, pero yo bebo con otros amigos. (I live with my roommates, but I drink with other friends.)
    • Vivimos en una residencia ecológica y comemos comida vegetariana. (We live in an ecological dorm and we eat vegetarian food.)

    The following video explains the present tense of verbs ending in "er" and "ir." It was created by Fresno City College Faculty.

    A Practicar

    Contributors and Attributions

    CC licensed content, Shared previously
    • Gramu00e1tica: Conjugaciu00f3n de verbos regulares en -er/-ir. Authored by: SUNY Oneonta with Lumen Learning. Provided by: SUNY Oneonta. License: CC BY: Attribution

    This page titled 3.16: Gramática- Conjugación de verbos regulares en -er/-ir is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small (OER SUNY) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform.