Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

1.2: Vocabulario- ¡Bienvenidos a la clase!

  • Page ID
    • Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small
    • SUNY Oneonta via OER SUNY

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \(\newcommand{\avec}{\mathbf a}\) \(\newcommand{\bvec}{\mathbf b}\) \(\newcommand{\cvec}{\mathbf c}\) \(\newcommand{\dvec}{\mathbf d}\) \(\newcommand{\dtil}{\widetilde{\mathbf d}}\) \(\newcommand{\evec}{\mathbf e}\) \(\newcommand{\fvec}{\mathbf f}\) \(\newcommand{\nvec}{\mathbf n}\) \(\newcommand{\pvec}{\mathbf p}\) \(\newcommand{\qvec}{\mathbf q}\) \(\newcommand{\svec}{\mathbf s}\) \(\newcommand{\tvec}{\mathbf t}\) \(\newcommand{\uvec}{\mathbf u}\) \(\newcommand{\vvec}{\mathbf v}\) \(\newcommand{\wvec}{\mathbf w}\) \(\newcommand{\xvec}{\mathbf x}\) \(\newcommand{\yvec}{\mathbf y}\) \(\newcommand{\zvec}{\mathbf z}\) \(\newcommand{\rvec}{\mathbf r}\) \(\newcommand{\mvec}{\mathbf m}\) \(\newcommand{\zerovec}{\mathbf 0}\) \(\newcommand{\onevec}{\mathbf 1}\) \(\newcommand{\real}{\mathbb R}\) \(\newcommand{\twovec}[2]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\ctwovec}[2]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\threevec}[3]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cthreevec}[3]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\fourvec}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cfourvec}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\fivevec}[5]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \\ #5 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cfivevec}[5]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \\ #5 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\mattwo}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{rr}#1 \amp #2 \\ #3 \amp #4 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\laspan}[1]{\text{Span}\{#1\}}\) \(\newcommand{\bcal}{\cal B}\) \(\newcommand{\ccal}{\cal C}\) \(\newcommand{\scal}{\cal S}\) \(\newcommand{\wcal}{\cal W}\) \(\newcommand{\ecal}{\cal E}\) \(\newcommand{\coords}[2]{\left\{#1\right\}_{#2}}\) \(\newcommand{\gray}[1]{\color{gray}{#1}}\) \(\newcommand{\lgray}[1]{\color{lightgray}{#1}}\) \(\newcommand{\rank}{\operatorname{rank}}\) \(\newcommand{\row}{\text{Row}}\) \(\newcommand{\col}{\text{Col}}\) \(\renewcommand{\row}{\text{Row}}\) \(\newcommand{\nul}{\text{Nul}}\) \(\newcommand{\var}{\text{Var}}\) \(\newcommand{\corr}{\text{corr}}\) \(\newcommand{\len}[1]{\left|#1\right|}\) \(\newcommand{\bbar}{\overline{\bvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\bhat}{\widehat{\bvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\bperp}{\bvec^\perp}\) \(\newcommand{\xhat}{\widehat{\xvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\vhat}{\widehat{\vvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\uhat}{\widehat{\uvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\what}{\widehat{\wvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\Sighat}{\widehat{\Sigma}}\) \(\newcommand{\lt}{<}\) \(\newcommand{\gt}{>}\) \(\newcommand{\amp}{&}\) \(\definecolor{fillinmathshade}{gray}{0.9}\)


    Identify and use common greetings and goodbyes. 

    Two people talking

    El Nuevo Estudiante

    Read the conversation between Profesora Rivera and Marco. Then answer the questions below.

    Marco: Hola, buenos días, Profesora. Me llamo Marco Reyes. Soy un estudiante nuevo en la universidad.
    Prof. Rivera: Bienvenido a la Uni. Me llamo Graciela Rivera, encantada.
    Marco: Igualmente. ¿Cómo está usted?
    Prof. Rivera: Bien, gracias. ¿y tú?
    Marco: Más o menos, gracias.
    Marco: ¡Adiós!
    Prof. Rivera: Nos vemos el lunes.


    Actividad \(\PageIndex{A}\)

    Text-only version of questions

    1. What are the different greetings used?

    2. How do the two people introduce themselves?

    3. How does Marco ask the teacher how she is? What is her response?

    4. How do they say goodbye?

    women shaking hands
    A typical familiar conversation:

    Juana: ¡Hola! Me llamo Juana. Y tú, ¿cómo te llamas?
    Sarita: Me llamo Sarita.
    Juana: Encantada. (typically shaking hands)
    Sarita: El gusto es mío.


    women shaking hands

    This same conversation might include some variations:

    Juana: ¡Hola! Me llamo Juana. Y tú, ¿cómo te llamas?
    Sarita: Me llamo Sarita.
    Juana: Mucho gusto. (typically shaking hands)
    Sarita: Igualmente.


    Three women talking

    Look at the differences if one person introduces two others:

    Ava: Hola, Jasmín. Te presento a mi amiga, Naíja.
    Jasmín: Mucho gusto.
    Naíja: Encantada.
    Ava: ¡Chao, nos vemos!


    Woman and man shaking hands

    As you can see, there are variations in the way people typically respond. A formal conversation will have some differences, but there can also be many similarities:

    Profesora: ¡Hola! Yo soy la Profesora Hernández. ¿Cómo se llama usted?
    Julio: Me llamo Julio García, soy estudiante en la clase.
    Profesora: Mucho gusto.
    Julio: Igualmente.


    Three people talking
    Profesor: Profesora Hernández, le presento a mi estudiante Caspar.
    Caspar: Mucho gusto.
    Profesora: El gusto es mío.


    two men hugging
    Now that you know how to say hello and introduce yourself, how do you end a conversation? As with greetings and introductions, farewells can be more or less informal. Here are two friends ending a conversation:

    Miguel: Pues… nos vemos.
    Paulino: ¡Chao, hasta luego!


    three women talking

    And here are two people with a more formal relationship saying goodbye:

    Estudiante: Bueno, profesora, adiós.
    Profesora: Muy bien, hasta mañana.


    Vocabulario: Saludos y respuestas

    Saludos y respuestas (Greetings and Responses)

    Hola Hello
    Estoy muy bien. I am very well.
    Buenos días Good morning

    Estoy bastante bien. I am quite well.

    Buenas tardes Good afternoon

    Buenas noches Good evening

    Estoy más o menos. I am ok.

    Estoy regular. I am ok.

    Estoy mal. I’m sick / I’m not doing well.

    ¿Cómo está (usted)? (formal) How are you?

    ¿Cómo estás (tú)? (informal) How are you?

    ¿Qué tal? (informal) How’s it going?

    Gracias, ¿y usted? (formal) Thank you, and you?

    Gracias, ¿y tú? (informal) Thank you, and you?

    Estoy bien. I am well.



    *Note: “así así” (so-so) is an expression commonly heard in American movies where Spanish speaking characters are portrayed. However, this expression is not accurate. The accurate way to say that you are “so-so” or “ok” is “más o menos” or “regular“.

    Presentaciones (Introductions)
    ¿Cómo se llama usted? (formal) What is your name?
    ¿De dónde es usted? (formal) Where are you from?
    ¿Cómo te llamas? (informal) What is your name?
    ¿De dónde eres? (informal) Where are you from?
    Esta esThis is… (introducing a female)

    Este es… This is… (introducing a male)

    Este es Pablo y esta es María. This is Pablo and this is María.

    Soy de…I am from…

    Soy de Perú. I am from Peru.
    Me llamo… My name is / I call myself…
    Mi nombre es… My name is…
    Te presento a… (informal) May I present…
    Pedro, te presento a Pablo. Pedro, may I present Pablo. / Pedro, I’d like to introduce Pablo.
    Encantado Delighted / Nice to meet you. (say if you are male.)
    Encantada Delighted/Nice to meet you. (say if you are female.)
    Encantada de conocerte. (informal) Nice to meet you.
    El gusto es mío. The pleasure is mine.
    Mucho gusto Nice to meet you.
    Igualmente Same / Likewise
    Sra. (señora) Mrs.
    Sr. (señor) Mr.
    Srta. (señorita) Miss
    Sr. López, le presento a Pablo. Mr. Lopez, may I present Pablo / let me introduce you to Pablo.

    Le presento a … (formal) May I present… / Let me introduce you to…


    Despedidas (Farewells)

    Adiós Goodbye
    Chao (sometimes spelled chau) Bye
    Hasta luego See you later

    Hasta mañana See you tomorrow

    Hasta pronto See you soon

    ¡Nos vemos! See you (later)


    Did you have an idea for improving this content? We’d love your input.

    Contributors and Attributions

    CC licensed content, Original
    • Vocabulario: u00a1Bienvenidos a la clase!. Authored by: SUNY Oneonta with Lumen Learning. License: CC BY: Attribution
    CC licensed content, Shared previously

    This page titled 1.2: Vocabulario- ¡Bienvenidos a la clase! is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small (OER SUNY) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform.