It is a good idea to keep form and composition in mind when getting ready to take a photograph of your subject. Form (elements of design) refers to the physical parts or visual components of a work. These include line, shape, mass/volume, perspective, texture, and color. Composition (principles of design) refers to the ways the design elements are arranged to produce a specific effect. When taking a photograph, the camera becomes an extension of your eye. You use the camera frame to compose the image, choosing the design elements to include and exclude in the frame. When framing your subject, consider the design elements in your view finder that can help to create the most dynamic composition.
Two important compositional methods for photographers are the rule of thirds and the golden ratio. The rule of thirds refers to the placement of the subject at the intersection of the imaginary horizontal and vertical lines that divide the image into three parts.
The golden ratio is the relationship of parts achieved when the longer part divided by the smaller part is also equal to the whole length divided by the longer part. It is thought to provide the most harmonious and visually pleasing proportions in art and architecture.
Sachant, Pamela; Blood, Peggy; LeMieux, Jeffery; and Tekippe, Rita, "Introduction to Art: Design, Context, and Meaning" (2016). Fine Arts Open Textbooks. 3.
https://oer.galileo.usg.edu/arts-textbooks/3. Used under the Creative Commons attribution share alike license.