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9.7: Gramática- Estar + emociones

  • Page ID
    237075
    • Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small
    • SUNY Oneonta via OER SUNY
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    Objetivos

    • Identify how estar is used with adjectives to describe conditions and emotions

    Gramática: “Estar” con emociones

    In this lesson you will learn to describe emotions and states using adjectives after estar.

    Before we go forward, let’s take a quick refresher on the present indicative conjugation of this irregular verb.

    Estar (to be)
    1a estoy estamos
    2a estás estáis
    3a está están

    Like the adjectives used with ser, these adjectives must agree with the noun that they modify and will require appropriate changes for gender and number.

    ¿Cómo estás hoy?

    Estar is used with descriptive adjectives to talk about emotional conditions and states of being.

    Calm cat
    El gato está tranquilo.
    jumping-cute-playing-animals-300x200.jpg
    Los gatos están enérgicos.
    • Ana está muy contenta y tranquila. (Ana is very happy and calm.)

    Note the changes based on gender and number in the following:

    • Tomás está contento y tranquilo. (Tomás is happy and calm.)
    • Nosotros estamos contentos y tranquilos. (We are happy and calm [if we keep saying it, it’ll come true…])
    • Tomás y su hermano están sorprendidos. (Tomás and his brother are surprised.)
    • ¿Por qué estáis vosotras preocupadas? (Why are you worried? – asking a group of all females, informally, in Spain)

    Contributors and Attributions

    CC licensed content, Shared previously
    • Gramu00e1tica: Estar + emociones. Authored by: SUNY Oneonta with Lumen Learning. Provided by: SUNY Oneonta. License: CC BY: Attribution

    This page titled 9.7: Gramática- Estar + emociones is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small (OER SUNY) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.