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3.7: Degree of Adjectives

  • Page ID
    120264
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    Degree of Adjectives Video

    Instructor Video: Degree of Adjectives

    In Hindi, there are three degrees of adjective: (a) positive, (b) comparative, and (c) superlative. For comparative X से se is used, where X is a noun with whom/which comparison is being done. For superlative degree, सबसे sabse is used.

    For examples:

    Adjective Positive Comparative Superlative
    बड़ा

    Big

    शिकागो बड़ा शहर है|

    Chicago is a big city.

    शिकागो लांसिंग से बड़ा है |

    Chicago is bigger than Lansing

    शिकागो सबसे बड़ा शहर है |

    Chicago is the biggest city.

    लंबा

    Tall

    मैं लंबा हूँ |

    I am tall.

    मैं अपने भाई से लंबा हूँ |

    I am taller than my brother.

    मैं सबसे लंबा हूँ |

    I am the tallest.

    होशियार

    Intelligent

    मेरी बहन होशियार है|

    My sister is intelligent.

    मेरी बहन मुझ से होशियार है |

    My sister is more intelligent than me.

    मेरी बहन सबसे होशियार है |

    My sister is the most intelligent.

    महंगा

    expensive

    कमीज़ महँगी है |

    Shirt is expensive.

    कमीज़ पजामे से महँगी है |

    Shirt is more expensive than pajama.

    कमीज़ सबसे महँगी है |

    Shirt is the most expensive.

    सुन्दर

    Beautiful

    यह तस्वीर सुन्दर है|

    This picture is beautiful.

    यह तस्वीर उस से सुन्दर है |

    This picture is more beautiful than that.

    यह तस्वीर सबसे सुन्दर है |

    This picture is the most beautiful.

    Use of कुछ/ज़रा “a little” and ज़्यादा/काफ़ी “a lot”

    In comparative sentences, कुछ/ज़रा and ज़्यादा/काफ़ी are used to further emphasize the meaning.

    For example:

    • यह किताब उस किताब से कुछ/ज़रा मोटी है | This book is a little thicker than that book
    • यह कमरा उस कमरे से कुछ/ज़रा बड़ा है | This room is a little bigger than that room.
    • यह किताब उस किताब से ज़्यादा/काफ़ी मोटी है | This book is a lot thicker than that book.
    • यह कमरा उस कमरे से ज़्यादा/काफ़ी बड़ा है | This room is a lot bigger than that room.

    Activities

    By using comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives, please describe your family members in 10-15 sentences. After writing, please audio-record yours sentences and share it with your friends/teacher.

    For example: मेरा भाई मुझे से लंबा है | मेरे पिता जी मेरे भाई से लंबे हैं | मेरे पिता जी सबसे लंबे हैं | मैं अपने भाई से मोटा हूँ | मेरे पिटा जी सबसे मोटे हैं | __________

    An interactive or media element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here:
    https://openbooks.lib.msu.edu/ll151/?p=1308

    धन्यवाद !


    This page titled 3.7: Degree of Adjectives is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rajiv Ranjan (Michigan State University Libraries) .

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