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5: Women Artists in the New World (1700 CE - 1800 CE)

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    • 5.1: Introduction (1700 CE – 1800 CE)
      During this period, the Salon grew in Paris to become the prestigious arbiter of fine European art, holding the most prominent annual shows in the Western art world. The early settlers relied on European art standards, posing the subject and painting clothing in portraits. The Spanish inhabited the coastal areas of the west, and art was based on the Spanish Catholic Baroque. The Qing period lasted from 1644 to 1912, a long prosperous span. All women were required to learn needlework.
    • 5.2: Indigenous Art in North America (1600s – 1800s)
      What is Indigenous art in American art? The past stereotypes still prevail, images perpetuated today by media practices, educational systems, and individual perceptions. Native groups lived across North America and were as diverse in languages, traditions, rituals, and artwork as any significant population. Many cultural similarities also existed across groups.
    • 5.3: American Colonial (1700-1800s)
      European laws were deeply ingrained in the American colonies, and a strict patriarchal system reigned supreme. Men believed they were superior to women, a long-standing doctrine that impacted every aspect of society, including political power, wealth, religious practices, concepts of morality, and child-rearing practices. Finally, in 1900, all states granted married women limited control over their finances.
    • 5.4: Rococo (1715 - 1789)
      Rococo originates from the French word "rocaille" and is characterized by flowing lines, curves, and counter curves that change direction. This ornate style, filled with sensuality and fantasy, emerged in 1715 as a rejection of the dark and overly ornate Baroque style popularized at Versailles. Unlike Baroque, Rococo emphasizes lighter colors and natural elements. In Rococo art, attention is drawn to the details of aristocrats and their fashion rather than the powerful symbols of the church.
    • 5.5: Neoclassicism (1760-1860)
      During the late 18th and 19th centuries, the art world saw the emergence of an important movement known as neoclassicism. This artistic style directly responded to the excess and extravagance of the Rococo and Baroque periods, emphasizing a renewed appreciation for classical restraint and Greek influence.

    Thumbnail: Otium 7 (Courtesy of the artist, Jylian Gustlin)

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