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5: A World in Turmoil (1900-1940)

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    • 5.1: Introduction
      Since the early 1500s, the countries of the world have pursued a path to globalize economic, cultural, and political interconnectivity beyond local territories or trading partners across oceans and continents.
    • 5.2: Art Nouveau (1890-1914)
      Art Nouveau's design brought an ornamental, decorative style of artwork based on long linear lines, moving asymmetrically throughout the design. Artists frequently used the shapes of nature; insects and their wings or how the flower grows and twists.
    • 5.3: Fauvism (1905-1910)
      During the early part of the twentieth century, Fauvism started in France, disregarding the methods of the Impressionists to bring vivid, bold colors from the tube to the canvas. They were introduced by Henri Matisse and Andre Derain when they were experimenting with color to create movement with colorful sensations.
    • 5.4: Cubism (1907-1920)
      Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque created cubism a few years after the opening of the new century. They developed different ideas of how objects or figures were composed, becoming one of the most influential design concepts of the 1900s.
    • 5.5: American Modernism (1910-1935)
      American Modernism reflected the worldwide changes in art based on the unique American culture. The movement, along with others in this period, aligned with the experiences of modern industrial existence.
    • 5.6: Expressionism (1912-1935)
      At the beginning of the new 20th century, artists in Europe were dissatisfied with the academic standards and style of the art community. They began experimenting with new ideas for the modern world and expanding cities.
    • 5.7: Dada (1916-1924)
      Dada materialized from the chaos of World War I, a conflict employing trench warfare and advanced weaponry, killing millions of people. Artists and poets of the period believed war degraded social constructs and values, established corruption, conformity, and violence.
    • 5.8: Harlem Renaissance (1918-1930)
      In 1865, the Civil War ended, and hundreds of thousands of slaves were suddenly freed with the promise of participation in American life and an opportunity for self-determination.
    • 5.9: Bauhaus (1919-1931)
      After World War I, Germany became a land of the old bourgeois of industrial and militarism caught between Russian Communism and Nazi racism. The old was out, and the creation of new appeared conceivable, allowing modern art and ushered in a creating and spreading idealistic perceptions of art and design foundations.
    • 5.10: Murals (1920-1940)
      Throughout history, large images of art-filled walls and acted as a means of mass communication. Wall art has educated, manipulated, and recorded societies about religion, rulers, and historical activities. Rock walls of ancient caves are filled with symbols.
    • 5.11: Modernism in Latin America (Late 1800s-mid 1900s)
      The European academies played a significant role in shaping the style of artists in Latin America from the early 1800s to the mid-1900s. Many artists attended and received their formal education from academies in Paris, Madrid, and London.
    • 5.12: Surrealism (1920-1950)
      The Manifesto of Surrealism by André Breton was a publication for a literary movement based on experimenting with writing about the subconscious or dream states, the world of imagination, and irrationality.
    • 5.13: Conclusion

    Thumbnail:  Nightlife (1943, oil on canvas, 91.4 x 121.3 cm) by dr. zaro  CC BY-NC 2.0

    This page titled 5: A World in Turmoil (1900-1940) is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Deborah Gustlin & Zoe Gustlin (ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative) .

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