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6.18: Putting It Together- ¿Necesito un suéter?

  • Page ID
    113979
    • Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small
    • SUNY Oneonta via OER SUNY

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    See each section below for a review summary to help you complete the assignments and prepare for the quiz to demonstrate your mastery of the objectives.

    La ropa

    Las prendas de ropa (articles of clothing)

    • el abrigo (coat)
    • el bolso (bag / purse)
    • las botas (boots)
    • la bufanda (scarf)
    • los calcetines (socks)
    • la camisa (shirt)
    • la camiseta (t-shirt)
    • la chaqueta (jacket)
    • la falda (skirt)
    • la gorra (baseball cap)
    • el gorro (hat)
    • los guantes (gloves)
    • el impermeable (raincoat)
    • los lentes (eyeglasses)
    • los pantalones (pants / trousers)
    • los pantalones cortos (shorts)
    • el paraguas (umbrella)
    • el pijama (pyjamas)
    • el sombrero (hat)
    • el suéter (sweater)
    • los tenis (sneakers)
    • el traje (suit)
    • el traje de baño (swimsuit)
    • el vestido (dress)
    • los zapatos (shoes)

    Un verbo útil (a useful verb):

    • Llevar (to wear; also means to carry and to bring)

     

    Los numeros 100+

    98 noventa y ocho
    99 noventa y nueve
    100 cien

    101 ciento uno

    Note how the pattern changes slightly: we’re not using y anymore. That’s just to separate the tens place from the ones place. So “one hundred one,” not “one hundred and one.”

    102 ciento dos
    110 ciento diez
    120 ciento veinte
    134 ciento treinta y cuatro (the y is separating the tens place from the ones place)

    200 doscientos
    300 trescientos
    400 cuatrocientos
    500 quinientos
    600 seiscientos
    700 setecientos
    800 ochocientos
    900 novecientos

    1000 mil (Note: Not “un mil,” just “mil”)

    1500 mil quinientos
    2000 dos mil
    4000 cuatro mil
    100.000 cien mil

    1.000.000 un millón
    11.000.000 once millones

    Note: you must use mil to talk about years (this is different from the English way of splitting years into two-digit clusters)

    (in) 1950 = (en) mil novecientos cincuenta
    (in) 1821 = (en) mil ochocientos veintiuno

     

    El clima

    Most weather expressions in Spanish are built with hace:

    • Hace mucho calor. (It’s hot)
    • Hace fresco. (It’s cool)
    • Hace frío. (It’s cold)
    • Hace sol. (It’s sunny)
    • Hace buen tiempo. (The weather is good)
    • Hace mal tiempo. (The weather is bad)
    • Hace viento. (It’s windy)

    There are some weather expressions that are different and are not built with hace, such as:

    • Hay niebla. (It’s foggy)
    • Nieva / está nevando. (It’s snowing)
    • Está despejado. (It’s clear)
    • Está nublado. (It’s cloudy)
    • Está húmedo. (It’s humid)
    • Está soleado. (It’s sunny)
    • Hay relámpagos. (There is lightning)
    • Truena. (There is thunder)
    • Llovizna. (It’s raining)
    • Llueve mucho / está lloviendo. (It’s raining a lot)

    Las estaciones del año (The seasons of the year)

    • El verano (summer)
    • El otoño (fall)
    • El invierno (winter)
    • La primavera (spring)

     

    El verbo gustar + infinitivo

    The verb gustar is used to indicate things or activities that you like, but it is a little different in Spanish than in English. You’ll learn more about how gustar and other verbs like it work later, but for now you can see how it is used with infinitives:

      singular plural
    1a (1st)

    me gusta

    nos gusta
    2a (2nd) te gusta os gusta
    3a (3rd) le gusta les gusta

    As you see, instead of conjugating gustar to match the subject as you do with most verbs, only the third person ending is used along with different pronouns (me, te, le, nos, os, les).

     

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Putting It Together: u00bfNecesito un suu00e9ter?. Authored by: Lumen Learning. License: CC BY: Attribution

    This page titled 6.18: Putting It Together- ¿Necesito un suéter? is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small (OER SUNY) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.