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3.18: Putting It Together- ¿Qué clases tomas?

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    • Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small
    • SUNY Oneonta via OER SUNY

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    See the review summaries below to help you complete the assignments and prepare for the quiz to demonstrate your mastery of the objectives.

    Numbers up to 100

    16 dieciséis
    17 diecisiete
    18 dieciocho
    19 diecinueve
    20 veinte
    21 veintiuno
    22 veintidós
    23 veintitrés
    24 veinticuatro
    25 veinticinco
    26 veintiséis
    30 treinta
    31 treinta y uno
    32 treinta y dos
    33 treinta y tres
    34 treinta y cuatro
    35 treinta y cinco
    36 treinta y seis
    37 treinta y siete
    38 treinta y ocho
    39 treinta y nueve
    40 cuarenta
    43 cuarenta y tres
    49 cuarenta y nueve
    50 cincuenta
    51 cincuenta y uno
    55 cincuenta y cinco
    60 sesenta
    62 sesenta y dos
    66 sesenta y seis
    70 setenta
    73 setenta y tres
    77 setenta y siete
    80 ochenta
    84 ochenta y cuatro
    88 ochenta y ocho
    90 noventa
    99 noventa y nueve
    100 cien

    Verbs ending in -ar

    • ayudar (to help)
    • bailar (to dance)
    • buscar (to look for)
    • caminar (to walk)
    • cantar (to sing)
    • cocinar (to cook)
    • comprar (to buy)
    • descansar (to rest)
    • desear (to wish)
    • enseñar (to teach)
    • escuchar (to listen)
    • esquiar (to ski)
    • estudiar (to study)
    • ganar (to win)
    • hablar (to talk)
    • llamar (to call)
    • llegar (to arrive)
    • mandar (to send)
    • mirar (to look at)
    • nadar (to swim)
    • necesitar (to need)
    • practicar (to practice)
    • preguntar (to ask)
    • regresar (to return)
    • tomar (to take)
    • trabajar (to work)
    • usar (to use)
    • viajar (to travel)


    Regular verbs ending in –AR are conjugated in the present tense by removing the -AR infinitive ending and adding one of the following personal endings:

    Regular -ar Verbs
      Singular Plural
    First (yo) -o (nosotros) -amos
    Second (tú) -as (vosotros) -áis *
    Third (él / ella / usted) -a (ellos / ellas / ustedes) -an

    * Note: This second-person plural form (vosotros) is only used in the variety of Spanish used in Spain. In other Spanish dialects the third person plural form (ustedes) is used in both formal and informal plural direct-address situations.

    Hablar :

    (yo) hablo  (nosotros) hablamos 
    (tú) hablas  (vosotros) habláis
    (él / ella / usted) habla  (ellos / ellas / ustedes) hablan 

    Basic sentence structure: statements

    The basic structure of simple sentences in Spanish is the same as in English: subject – verb – object.

    Basic sentence structure: yes-no questions

    Either they have the same word order as a simple sentence and are spoken with a rising intonation instead of falling, or the verb and subject are reversed (verb – subject – object).

    Note that Spanish does NOT use an auxiliary or helping verb like English (do/does).

    • ¿Estudiamos el español? (Do we study / are we studying Spanish?)

    Basic sentence structure: negation

    Answering affirmatively: say “sí” (yes) and state your answer.

    • Sí, estudiamos el español.

    Answering negatively: put the word “no” before the verb (subject – no – verb – object). The Spanish word “no” means both “no” and “not”.

    • No estudiamos el francés. (We do not study French.)

    Modal verbs

    Some verbs can have another verb as their object; these are called modal verbs. The same person needs to be doing both actions, and the second verb is *not* conjugated.

    • Deseo estudiar un idioma de cada continente. (I want to study one language from each continent.)


    Telling time

    Time is constructed using the following structure:

    Es la / Son las + (hora) + y / menos + (minutos) + de la mañana / de la tarde / de la noche

    ¿Qué hora es?

    5:00 → Son las cinco en punto. (It’s five o’clock sharp / on the dot.)
    3:15 → Son las tres y cuarto. (It’s a quarter past three. – i.e. three-fifteen.)
    4:30 → Son las cuatro y media. (It’s half past four. – i.e. four-thirty.)
    1:40 → Son las dos menos veinte.*(It’s twenty to/of two. – i.e. one-forty.)
    6:50 → Son diez para las siete.* (It’s ten to seven.—more common in Latin America)
    1:00 → Es la una.** (It’s one o’clock.)
    12:00 am → Es medianoche / Es la medianoche. (It’s midnight.)
    12:00 pm → Es mediodía / Es el mediodía. (It’s noon / midday.)

    * Note that once the time passes the 30-minute mark, we generally go up to the next hour and subtract the number of minutes before that hour.

    ** Son means “they are”, so son las… only works for numbers greater than one. To say “it’s one o’clock”, you have to say Es la una. (or Es la una en punto.)

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Putting It Together: u00bfQuu00e9 clases tomas?. Authored by: Lumen Learning. License: CC BY: Attribution

    This page titled 3.18: Putting It Together- ¿Qué clases tomas? is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Erica Brown, Alejandra Escudero, María Cristina Montoya, & Elizabeth Small (OER SUNY) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.