Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

4.6: Post-positions

  • Page ID
    120272
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    Post-Positions Video

    Instructor Video: Post-positions

    English has a class of words called “prepositions”. Prepositions are the words that precede a phrase and indicate a relationship between the phrase and another word in the sentence. Hindi has a similar class of words known as “post-positions”. As the name implies, post-positions come before the word they modify. In other respects, however, they are very similar to prepositions in English.

    Simple Post-positions

    Simple post-positions consist of a single word.

    Examples

    Post-position English Examples
        Hindi English
    में in मेरे शहर में In my town
    पर on, मेज़ पर On a table
      at घर पर At home
    से from भारत से from India
      by ट्रेन से by train
      with कलम से with a pen
      since बचपन से since childhood
    का/की/ के ‘s सोने का कमरा

    घर की खिड़की

    घर के लोग

    bed room

    House’s window (window of a house)

    House’s people (people of a house)

    को to लड़के को

    आप को

    to a boy

    to you

    Compound Post-positions

    Hindi has many compound post-positions as well. Compound post-positions consist of two or more words. Most compound post-positions begin with the post-position के, की, or से.

    Examples

    Post-position English Examples
        Hindi English
    x के लिये for x घर के लिये For house
    x के बारे में about x शहर के बारे में About town
    x की वजह से / के कारण because of x आप की वजह से / के कारण Because of you
    x से दूर far from x घर से दूर far from home
    x के नज़दीक / पास near x घर के नज़दीक / पास near home
    x से / के पहले before x स्कूल से / के पहले before school
    x के बाहर outside x घर के बाहर outside home
    x के अंदर inside the x घर के अंदर inside the home
    x के बाद after x स्कूल के बाद after school
    x के ऊपर above/ on/ on top of x घर के ऊपर above/ on/ on top of home
    x के नीचे under/ beneath/ below x छत के नीचे under/ beneath/ below roof
    x की तरफ़ towards x आप की तरफ़ towards you
    x के सामने in front of x आप के सामने in front of you
    x के पीछे behind x आप के पीछे behind you
    x के आगे ahead of x आप के आगे ahead of you
    x के साथ together with/ with/ along with x आप के साथ together with/ with/ along with you
    x और y के बीच between x and y स्कूल और घर के बीच between school and home

    Test yourself

    An interactive or media element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here:
    https://openbooks.lib.msu.edu/ll151/?p=855

    Fill in the blanks with suitable post-position.

    An interactive or media element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here:
    https://openbooks.lib.msu.edu/ll151/?p=855

    धन्यवाद !


    This page titled 4.6: Post-positions is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rajiv Ranjan (Michigan State University Libraries) .

    • Was this article helpful?