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5.1: Vocabulary

  • Page ID
    120435
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    Learning Objectives

    In this section

    • You will learn new vocabulary related to hobbies and sports.
    • You will exchange ideas with your classmates about likes, dislikes, and hobbies.

    Vocabulary (1)

    Listen to new vocabulary that relate to hobbies in the following recording and repeat as you follow along in the list of words underneath. Listen as many times for fluency.

    [table id=43 /]

    Notes on vocabulary

    Learn the conjugation of the verb أقضي إجازة “to spend a vacation.”

    [table id=44 /]

    Activity

    Drag and drop from the word bank to complete the following sentences.

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    Activity

    With your classmates, ask and answer the following questions about hobbies.

    [table id=45 /]

    Vocabulary (2)

    Listen to additional vocabulary the following recording and repeat as you follow along in the list of words underneath. Listen as many times for fluency.

    [table id=46 /]

    Notes on vocabulary

    The verb يُمكن literally means “It is possible.” In spoken Arabic you hear the word مُمكن which means “maybe.” So in formal Arabic when you say يُمكنني it literally means “it is possible for me,” يُمكنها “It is possible for her,” etc. Both verbs يمكن and يستطيع can be followed by either أن + verb or by the Masdar.

    Study the conjugations for new verbal structures يمكن and يستطيع which both mean “I can”

    [table id=47 /]

    The verb أستمتع is always combined with the preposition بـ and then followed by a noun/Masdar. You cannot use أن or other verbs after this verb.

    Study the following examples for the usage of the verb أستمتع

    I enjoy the weather in the Fall أنا أستمتع بالجو في الخريف
    You (m.) enjoy sitting at home? أنت تستمتع بالجلوس في البيت؟
    You (f.) enjoy travel? أنتِ تستمتعين بالسفر ؟
    He enjoys reading illustrated books هو يستمتع بقراءة القصص المصورة
    She enjoys dancing at parties هي تستمتع بمشاهدة الأفلام
    We enjoy listening to music نحن نستمتع بالرقص في الحفلات
    You (pl.) enjoy listening to music? أنتم تستمتعون بالاستماع إلى الموسيقى؟
    They enjoy playing basket ball هم يستمتعون بلعب كرة السلة
    Activity

    Choose the appropriate form of the verb in each of the following sentences.

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    Activity

    Review your knowledge of vocabulary to complete the following paragraph about Marwa.

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    Key Takeaways

    • You can now express your hobbies using different verb and noun structures.
    • In the next section, you will look at the verbal noun and how to derive it from verbs.

    This page titled 5.1: Vocabulary is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Ayman Mohamed and Sadam Issa (Michigan State University Libraries) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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