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12.9.1: Review Questions

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    Review Questions

    1 .
    What group or group did the Palmer Raids in the United States target?
    1. antiwar protestors
    2. Russians and suspected radicals
    3. the Ku Klux Klan
    4. Republican politicians
    2 .
    Why did the U.S. Senate oppose the Treaty of Versailles?
    1. It was too long a document.
    2. The new borders drawn in Europe were believed to be unworkable.
    3. The Senate did not want to join the League of Nations, which was established by the treaty.
    4. The treaty was dangerous and could cause another war in Europe.
    3 .
    What economic situation developed in Germany in the early 1920s?
    1. deflation
    2. depression
    3. hyperinflation
    4. rising gross domestic product (GDP)
    4 .
    What did the Kellogg-Briand Pact do?
    1. It outlawed war as an instrument of foreign policy.
    2. It established a French-American alliance for the next five decades.
    3. It called for Germany to be blamed for World War I.
    4. It set up loans to Latin American countries to cope with economic recessions.
    5 .
    What was a result of the New Economic Policy?
    1. It brought the economy completely under government control for the first time.
    2. It kept the government in control of the economy but introduced aspects of capitalism.
    3. It was rejected by Lenin as too radical.
    4. It was rejected by Stalin as too conservative.
    6 .
    What is collectivization?
    1. the development of state-run farms for the entire agricultural sector
    2. the grouping of children destined for certain career paths
    3. the group of politicians in the national legislature who worked to oppose Stalin
    4. the foreign policy centered on exporting revolution to other countries
    7 .
    What were kulaks?
    1. Soviet bureaucrats
    2. specially trained soldiers
    3. medals awarded for special services to the Soviet Union
    4. wealthier peasants
    8 .
    What did cities experience during the 1930s in the Soviet Union?
    1. little population growth
    2. a decrease in population as people left to work on collective farms
    3. new theaters that opened to present Western plays
    4. housing and food shortages that occurred as the population increased
    9 .
    What did the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act do?
    1. It decreased sales taxes on goods in the United States.
    2. It set up a fluctuating tariff system depending on the source of foreign goods.
    3. It raised tariffs on foreign goods in the United States and caused other countries to retaliate.
    4. It set quotas on foreign goods in the United States.
    10 .
    What happened to trade during the Great Depression?
    1. Trade remained at its pre-Depression levels.
    2. Trade increased through the United States and Europe but fell elsewhere.
    3. Trade decreased across the globe.
    4. Trade decreased only in Europe but stayed stable elsewhere.
    11 .
    Why were people drawn to communism in the 1930s?
    1. The Communist Party was the most successful organization getting people elected to office.
    2. The Communist Party rebranded itself as a mainstream party in the 1930s.
    3. The Communist Party offered an alternative to the capitalist systems being undermined by the Great Depression.
    4. The Communist Party exploited people’s desire for entertainment by producing movies and holding rallies on a regular basis.
    12 .
    How did Hitler first gain the office of chancellor?
    1. by leading a march on Berlin
    2. by being invited to form a government by President Hindenburg
    3. by seizing control of government during the Beer Hall Putsch
    4. by solving Germany’s economic problems following the Great Depression
    13 .
    Spain’s General Francisco Franco gained power as a result of _____.
    1. a cooperative treaty with the Soviet Union
    2. a request by the Spanish king
    3. an electoral victory
    4. victory in the Spanish Civil War
    14 .
    What was the Salt March in India a protest against?
    1. the importation of foreign salt
    2. the industrial development of coastal areas
    3. repressive laws regarding women under the age of thirty years
    4. the high British taxes assessed on salt
    15 .
    What was one consequence of the Balfour Declaration?
    1. Palestine was turned over to French control.
    2. A Jewish homeland was formed in Palestine.
    3. Turkey had to adopt Christianity as the state religion.
    4. Iraq became an independent kingdom.
    16 .
    What happened at Amritsar in 1919?
    1. British troops stormed a holdout of German troops.
    2. British Indian Army troops fired on Indian protestors.
    3. Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi led a protest to the Indian National Congress.
    4. Riots occurred over oil-drilling rights.
    17 .
    Which country controlled German New Guinea after World War I?
    1. New Zealand
    2. Australia
    3. Japan
    4. France
    18 .
    Why did women receive the right to vote in so many places in the 1920s?
    1. as a reward for their efforts and support in World War I
    2. because of political agreements reached in the late 1800s
    3. as a speedy response to women’s requests
    4. because businesses believed the vote would make women more eager to work outside the home
    19 .
    What was different about Mao Zedong’s view on Marxism and communism?
    1. Mao believed communism had already arrived in many countries in the 1800s.
    2. Mao believed it was not possible for China to become a communist country.
    3. Mao viewed peasants as the workers and landlords as the capitalists.
    4. Mao believed revolution in China could happen only if it came from outside.
    20 .
    Which South American country’s leader was influenced by Italian fascism in the 1930s?
    1. Chile
    2. Argentina
    3. Peru
    4. Colombia
    21 .
    Which of the following would a flapper do, unlike women of an earlier era?
    1. drink in public
    2. go to church every Sunday
    3. marry early in life
    4. work on a farm

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