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10: Landscape

  • Page ID
    63707
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    Landscape Drawing

    Drawing or painting our surroundings is something artists have done for thousands of years. Most of the ancient images of landscapes are lost forever along with the plaster walls or other supports used in their creation. Some early paintings survive decorating the walls of palaces and rooms found in areas of volcanic activity in the ancient cities of Thera and Pompeii. These dwellings were buried in volcanic ash preserving the beautiful frescoes of flora and fauna. Additionally, during the Amarna Period in Egypt there was a flourishing of artistic activity unlike any the Ancient Egyptians previously experienced. Some of the artwork depicted natural scenes similar to landscapes with vitality and life.

    LANDSCAPE FROM 3,500 YEARS AGO!

    clipboard_ec269742693a1454a41405f08f9a0e0a5.png Blue_Monkey_in_the_landscape,_Minoan_fresco,_AMH,_145366.jpg

    Island of Thera, Minoan 2000 - 1400 BCE

    https://kuscholarworks.ku.edu/bitstream/handle/1808/10273/King_ku_0099M_12275_DATA_1.pdf;sequence=1

    https://www.cs.princeton.edu/courses/archive/spring07/cos598C/notes/4_feb_2007_presentation.pdf

    22.jpg

    Amarna Landscape 1353-1336 BCE

    https://www.amarnaproject.com/pages/amarna_the_place/north_palace/index.shtml

    https://www.britannica.com/art/Amarna-style

    DETAIL OF FLEMISH LANDSCAPE FROM 1500s

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    NORTHERN RENAISSANCE LANDSCAPE

    • Take a look at this early Flemish 1500s painting of a landscape

    • What areas can you identify that help create the illusion of depth?

    • Some of these are known as Principles of Design, others are Art Elements

    • There are also three distinct areas of the landscape explained below

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    IDENTIFIABLE LANDSCAPE PARTS

    • Take a look at this 1800s painting of a landscape

    • What areas can you identify that help create the illusion of depth?

    • There are also three distinct areas of the landscape – can you name these three areas?

    • Answer below

    clipboard_e24c7867d31b27ce77bf293cc02beb363.png

    Answer: FOREGROUND, MIDDLE GROUND, AND BACKGROUND

    • Foreground is in yellow

    • Middle ground is in blue

    • Background is in violet

    clipboard_ecefc0356a4f31672d0b678d6fa54481b.png

    OTHER FACTORS

    • Notice that the landscape features a full range of values

    • The shapes with the highest contrast are closest to the viewer in the foreground

    • The Principle of Verticality is the landscape forms closest to us are located at the bottom of the visual field (area of the paper if a drawing, canvas if a painting)

    • The middle ground has less contrast and detail

    • The background has the least amount of contrast giving the illusion that the shapes “fade into the distance”

    • In a painting, the intensity of color may be brighter in the foreground and become less intense (more dull/diluted) in the middle and backgrounds

    clipboard_e24c7867d31b27ce77bf293cc02beb363.png

    “RULE OF THIRDS”

    • Rule of Thirds is dividing the visual field into thirds

    • Divisions into thirds can be horizontal, vertical, or both

    • It does not have to be exact, since it is an aesthetic design principle

    • Rule of Thirds applies nicely to landscape photography, painting, and drawing

    • The concept of the Rule of Thirds is a Principle of Design

    EXAMPLES OF 2-D ART USING RULE OF THIRDS LANDSCAPE FORMAT

    clipboard_eae50c124fe1b8ada9c882619b83e1623.png clipboard_e4e59da40909a7a636bf45df73961f575.png

    EXAMPLE OF RULE OF THIRDS PORTRAIT FORMAT

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    VERTICAL RULE OF THIRDS MAY RELATE TO FOREGROUND, MIDDLE GROUND, AND BACKGROUND

    • The foreground is made up of the large rocks

    • The middle ground features the closest trees

    • The background includes the lightest in value trees - fading them into the background

    clipboard_e50b33c88ae66a5c3e133b731e5fca16a.png

    CONTEMPORARY DRAWING

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    clipboard_ec8e57582cda34523ba71f99f7c9404cd.png

    1500s DUTCH/FLEMISH PAINTING

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    NOT ALWAYS RULE OF THIRDS

    • This painting creates balance through asymmetrical placement of the sailboats

    • Other important factors include the use of light and shadow, repetition of forms (boat sails), shape of the clouds, and the placement of the horizon line

    clipboard_ec01beb238410ae2a9327d5963a707470.png

    LATE 1700S/EARLY 1800s BRITISH PAINTING

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    EARLY 1800s BRITISH PAINTING

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    EARLY-MID 1800s FRENCH PAINTING

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    clipboard_e4e1508a1c4cc48a45a7a6b708eb5f5e8.png

    MID-LATE 1800s FRENCH PAINTING

    clipboard_e8863204828ca40b4f7afee60c7a8613f.png

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    MID-LATE 1800s AMERICAN PAINTING

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    MID-1900s AMERICAN

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    clipboard_efb195927797c7f21bea37eea7974c0bf.png clipboard_e9cf0591fbba355163cdd165a4f32d5b4.png

    LANDSCAPE DRAWINGS INCLUDING BUILDINGS

    clipboard_e9de1d2ba8270376f42a0e74f741cf1c8.png clipboard_e0a45d996e2009ded1361e4febc431f96.png

    CITYSCAPES

    If you include a building in your landscape, looking at these next several cityscape slides may help you

    clipboard_e3b0acad1499d0c78fc2c65f3bceede18.png clipboard_ea359b04ee747ea1eef7eb1af897e30ed.png clipboard_e864e63b346d9405395354fb9ac78a033.png

    Student Work

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    Landscape Drawing Assignment

    Where to Begin?

    • Choose a place outside to draw where you can view a natural setting

    • If you successfully include a building that’s extra credit

    • Determine your eye level

    • Can you include a foreground, middle ground, and background?

    • Create a balanced composition by cropping

    • Possibly use “Rule of Thirds” to create balance

    • Use softer pencils from HB up to 6B and a full sheet of paper

    • Hold the pencil loosely and relax

    • Focus on values


    10: Landscape is shared under a CC BY license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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