Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

4.5: El verbo "ir"

  • Page ID
    217079
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    The verb "ir"

    Conjugation

    Subject pronoun Conjugation
    yo voy
    vas
    Ud., él, ella va
    nosotros, nosotras vamos
    vosotros, vosotras vais
    Uds., ellos, ellas van

    Observations

    • The verb "ir" is irregular in all the forms.
    • Conjugations do not have accent marks.
    • Often used with the preposition "a" (to). If followed by the definite article "el", they combine to form the contraction "al".

    Examples:

    Los estudiantes van "a" la biblioteca a estudiar.

    Nosotros vamos "al" estadio a ver el partido de básquetbol.

    Uses

    The construction "ir + a + [article + noun]" is used to talk about the present. It refers to something that usually happens or to something happening at a specific time.

    Examples:

    La chica va a la clase los lunes. (The girl goes to class on Mondays.)

    La chica va a la clase en este momento. (The girl is going to class right now.)

    The construction "ir + a + [infinitive]" is used to talk about actions that are going to happen in the near future.

    Examples:

    Voy a esquiar este fin de semana con mis amigos. (I'm going skiing this weekend with my friends.)

    ¿Vais a ir de excursión el sábado? (Are you going on a hike on Saturday?)

    In the nosotros form, "vamos + a + [infinitive]" can also express the idea of "let's" (do something).

    Examples:

    ¡Vamos a ver una película! (Let's watch a movie!)

    ¡Vamos a comer en el centro! (Let's eat downtown!)

    (In the examples above, all the constructions used with "ir" are in bold.)

    fig-ch01_patchfile_01.jpg
    Juan va a esquiar

    "Alpine" by Adnan Syed, Pixabay is licensed under CCO 1.0

    fig-ch01_patchfile_01.jpg
    Nosotros vamos a escalar montañas.

    "Mountain climbing" by deMysticWay, Pixabay is licensed under CCO 1.0

    fig-ch01_patchfile_01.jpg
    Ustedes van a salir con sus familias.

    "Family" by geralt, Pixabay is licensed under CCO 1.0


    This page titled 4.5: El verbo "ir" is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by M. Barrio De Mendoza, K Gutiérrez, H.Ho, C. Lin, & A Stere Lugo (ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative) .