# 17.3: Secondary Dominants in Major and Minor

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## 17.3 Secondary Dominants in Major and Minor

Both major triads and major–minor seventh chords can be secondary dominant chords.

Notice the chromaticisms in the example above. The raised notes generally act as the leading–tone to the root of the chord being tonicized. In the major mode, the only secondary dominant with a lowered chromaticism is VIVV7/IV. The lowered note in VIVV7/IV acts as 4^ of the chord being tonicized in the same way the last flat of a key signature is 4^ .

Below are all secondary dominant chords (triads and major-minor seventh chords) in the minor mode.

Remember that both viivii∘ (on raised 7^ ) and the subtonic VIIVII (on the lowered 7^ ) (see Definition 7.3.2) occur in the minor mode. The subtonic VIIVII can be tonicized with VVIIV7/VII, while viivii∘, being diminished, cannot.

Notice that an F major chord in C minor can be VVIIV/VII or IVIV, depending on how it functions or progresses. If the F major chord progresses to a B♭ chord, label the F chord as VVIIV/VII. If the F major chord has pre–dominant function and progresses to a G major chord (in any inversion) or BB∘, label the F chord as IVIV.

The BB♭7 chord, on the other hand, can be labeled correctly as VIIIV7/III or VIIVII7because both VIIIV7/III or VIIVII7 progress to IIIIII in minor.

This page titled 17.3: Secondary Dominants in Major and Minor is shared under a GNU Free Documentation License 1.3 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Robert Hutchinson via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.