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2.4: Los adjetivos

  • Page ID
    44528
  • Adjectives are words that describe nouns.

    In Spanish, they typically go AFTER the noun.

    Adjectives also must match the noun in gender and number.

    If it ends in –o: it can also end in –a, -os, or –as. The “@” shows that a word changes in this way.

    Pablo Picasso es un pintor famoso.

    If it ends in in –e or –ista: don’t make gender changes, just pluralize by adding –s

    Mi mamá es optimista y sociable.

    If it ends in a consonant or “u”: don’t make gender changes, pluralize by adding –es

    El presidente Obama es liberal. Los demócratas son liberales.

    Mi compañera de casa es hindú. Sus padres son hindúes también.

    If it ends in –dor or is a nationality ending in a consonant: add onto the end with –a, -es, -as

    Mi novia es trabajadora. Es estudiante y es francesa.

    Los adjetivos: Adjectives

    Alt@ ________________________________

    Baj@________________________________

    Extrovertid@__________________________

    Introvertid@___________________________

    Activ@_______________________________

    Pequeñ@_____________________________

    Aburrid@ ____________________________

    Ric@ ________________________________

    Pobre ________________________________

    Grande_______________________________

    Inteligente____________________________

    Interesante____________________________

    Optimista_____________________________

    Pesimista_____________________________

    Perezos@_____________________________

    Realista______________________________

    Idealista______________________________

    Liberal_______________________________

    Conservador___________________________

    Trabajador____________________________

    Rubi@_______________________________

    Pelirroj@_________________________________

    Moren@ _________________________________

    Negr@* _________________________________

    Calv@ ___________________________________

    Gord@___________________________________

    Flac@___________________________________

    Atractiv@________________________________

    Fe@_____________________________________

    *For native English speakers, encountering the word negro is often confusing. While it is the word for the color black in Spanish, it is a racial slur in English. For this reason, in the United States, many Spanish speakers use afroamerican@ or moren@ instead. Please note that afroamerican@ does not work for other nationalities, as each country has its own nationality. Other cultures do use the prefix afro with nationalities and regional identities, but it is currently used more often to describe elements of culture rather than to describe individuals (ej: la cultura afroperuana, la música afrocubana, la gastronomía afrocaribeña). When talking about race, it is important that people and communities of color get to determine what is acceptable language, and it is also important to note that what is accepted may differ by individual, culture, and/or moment in time.

    Mi casa no es grande

    Mi gata es perezosa.

    Actividad 8

    Los opuestos. Opposites. Using our current vocabulary, pair up five sets of opposite adjectives.

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    Actividad 9

    1. Es una mujer muy rica y famosa. Es de los Estados Unidos. Es presentadora de televisión y actriz. Tiene un club de libros. Es afroamericana.

    Ella es ______________________________________________________.


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    2. Es un hombre famoso. Es atractivo y moreno. Es de España. Es actor. Su ex-esposa es Melanie Griffith. Es la voz del Gato en Botas.

    Él es ________________________________________________________.


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    3. Es una mujer rica y famosa. Es comediante y actriz y tiene un programa de televisión. Es muy cómica. Es rubia y pequeña y tiene el pelo corto.

    Ella es _______________________________________________________.


    clipboard_e7b68cd6ef5315f794ab51cf9f34cae76.png

    Es un grupo de música británico. Uno de los miembros es rubio y es de Irlanda. Tres de los miembros son morenos y son de Inglaterra. Su música es muy popular con las chicas adolescentes.

    El grupo es ____________________________________________________.

    clipboard_e77731b2fdfeb5b03d8a098f3f4f47dab.png

    Actividad 10

    Rellenar el espacio. Based on the photos below, fill in the blank with a descriptive adjective, making sure that it matches its noun in gender and number.

    1. La clase de francés es ______________________________.

    2. Papá Noel no es flaco, es ____________________________.

    3. Mis hermanas son muy ______________________________.

    (sisters)

    4. Bill Gates es __________________ y ___________________.

    5. Mis hijos son _______________________________________.

    (my kids)

    Actividad 11

    ¡A escribir! Use the verb ser and adjectives to describe one family member, one friend, and yourself. Watch this video to hear example descriptions.

    1. Un familiar: ___________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Un(a) amig@: ___________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Yo

    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Actividad 12

    Mi persona favorita.

    Paso uno: Use the idea map below to map adjectives that describe a person who is special to you. Challenge yourself to write additional information in the free space. Share with a partner, using Spanish to describe this person.

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    Paso dos: Use your idea map from Paso uno to write a paragraph (five sentences, minimum) about this person who you know well. Keep it simple and focus on using the Spanish we are currently learning.

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________________________________________

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