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2.4: Los adjetivos

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    Adjectives are words that describe nouns.

    In Spanish, they typically go AFTER the noun.

    Adjectives also must match the noun in gender and number.

    If it ends in –o: it can also end in –a, -os, or –as. The “@” shows that a word changes in this way.

    Pablo Picasso es un pintor famoso.

    If it ends in in –e or –ista: don’t make gender changes, just pluralize by adding –s

    Mi mamá es optimista y sociable.

    If it ends in a consonant or “u”: don’t make gender changes, pluralize by adding –es

    El presidente Obama es liberal. Los demócratas son liberales.

    Mi compañera de casa es hindú. Sus padres son hindúes también.

    If it ends in –dor or is a nationality ending in a consonant: add onto the end with –a, -es, -as

    Mi novia es trabajadora. Es estudiante y es francesa.

    Los adjetivos: Adjectives

    Alt@ ________






    Aburrid@ ________

    Ric@ ________

    Pobre ________














    Moren@ ________

    Negr@* ________

    Calv@ ________





    *For native English speakers, encountering the word negro is often confusing. While it is the word for the color black in Spanish, it is a racial slur in English. For this reason, in the United States, many Spanish speakers use afroamerican@ or moren@ instead. Please note that afroamerican@ does not work for other nationalities, as each country has its own nationality. Other cultures do use the prefix afro with nationalities and regional identities, but it is currently used more often to describe elements of culture rather than to describe individuals (ej: la cultura afroperuana, la música afrocubana, la gastronomía afrocaribeña). When talking about race, it is important that people and communities of color get to determine what is acceptable language, and it is also important to note that what is accepted may differ by individual, culture, and/or moment in time.

    Mi casa no es grande
    Mi gata es perezosa.

    Actividad 8

    Los opuestos. Opposites. Using our current vocabulary, pair up five sets of opposite adjectives.


    Actividad 9

    1. Es una mujer muy rica y famosa. Es de los Estados Unidos. Es presentadora de televisión y actriz. Tiene un club de libros. Es afroamericana.

    Ella es ________.


    2. Es un hombre famoso. Es atractivo y moreno. Es de España. Es actor. Su ex-esposa es Melanie Griffith. Es la voz del Gato en Botas.

    Él es ________.


    3. Es una mujer rica y famosa. Es comediante y actriz y tiene un programa de televisión. Es muy cómica. Es rubia y pequeña y tiene el pelo corto.

    Ella es ________.


    Es un grupo de música británico. Uno de los miembros es rubio y es de Irlanda. Tres de los miembros son morenos y son de Inglaterra. Su música es muy popular con las chicas adolescentes.

    El grupo es ________.


    Actividad 10

    Rellenar el espacio. Based on the photos below, fill in the blank with a descriptive adjective, making sure that it matches its noun in gender and number.

    1. La clase de francés es ________.

    2. Papá Noel no es flaco, es ________.

    3. Mis hermanas son muy ________.


    4. Bill Gates es ________ y ________.

    5. Mis hijos son ________.

    (my kids)


    Actividad 11

    ¡A escribir! Use the verb ser and adjectives to describe one family member, one friend, and yourself. Watch this video to hear example descriptions.

    1. Un familiar: ________


    2. Un(a) amig@: ________


    3. Yo



    Actividad 12

    Mi persona favorita.

    Paso uno: Use the idea map below to map adjectives that describe a person who is special to you. Challenge yourself to write additional information in the free space. Share with a partner, using Spanish to describe this person.


    Paso dos: Use your idea map from Paso uno to write a paragraph (five sentences, minimum) about this person who you know well. Keep it simple and focus on using the Spanish we are currently learning.














    This page titled 2.4: Los adjetivos is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Erin Huebener (Independent) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.