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5.3: §44. Chapter 5- Exercises

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  • 1. Identify the absolutely predictable Latin adjective from which each of the following English adjectives is derived (e.g., capital: capitalis):

    a. radial ___________________ d. tabular ___________________
    b. famous ___________________ e. urban ___________________
    c. senile ___________________ f. virulent ___________________

    2. Using the format given in §43, write out ANALYSES for the following English words:

    a. popular _________________________________________________________
    b. equine _________________________________________________________
    c. corporal _________________________________________________________

    3. The ETYMOLOGICAL MEANING of plumber (plumbarius) is “worker in lead.” Using a dictionary, find the Latin etymon (source-word) and the etymological meaning of (a) carpenter and (b) terrier.

    a. ____________________ __________________________________________________
    Etymon Etymological meaning
    b. ____________________ __________________________________________________
    Etymon Etymological meaning

    4. The Latin words calidarium and frigidarium referred to hot (calidus) and cold (frigidus) rooms in the Roman baths. An English derivative from calidarium (through Norman French) is cauldron or caldron, “a hot place.” What modern trademark cleverly suggests “a cold place”?


    5. Identify the Roman deities behind the following English adjectives:

    jovial ________________________________________
    mercurial ________________________________________
    martial ________________________________________
    saturnine ________________________________________
    venereal ________________________________________
    cereal ________________________________________

    For Key to Exercises (Latin), see Appendix I.

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