# 2.1: §17. Chapter 2- Exercises

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1. Underline the base of these nouns (e.g., FAMA):

TABULA, GRATIA, AQUA, MODUS, RADIUS, FATUM, VERBUM, OFFICIUM.

2. If you can identify the Latin base at the heart of a long English word, the meaning of that word will often be more precisely understood. Underline the noun base (e.g., INFORMALITY):

INGLORIOUS, PREVIOUS, GRANULAR, DEIFICATION, VULGARITY, PREDETERMINATION, COLLOCATION, INNUMERABLE, ASSIGNMENT, VITIATE.

3. Using the numerical scheme in §14, describe these changes in form:

 a. L scientia (“knowledge”) > E science 3b b. L matrona (“married woman”) > E matron __________ c. L prodigium (“omen,” “potent” > E prodigy __________ d. L lacuna (“hole,” “pond”) > E lagoon __________ e. L nota (“mark”) > E note __________ f. L digitus (“finger,” “toe”) > E digit __________ g. L folium (“leaf”) > E foil __________ h. L lucrum (“gain”) > E lucre __________ i. L spatium (“space”) > E space __________ j. L norma (“rule”) > E norm __________

4. What label might you apply to the semantic change of Latin verbum to English verb? ___________________ Of Latin animus to English animus? ___________________

5. For each of the following English words, find an English doublet—if possible, one that more closely resembles the Latin source-word:

a.crown________________d.prize________________
b.genie________________e.card________________
c.spectre________________f.foil_________________

For Key to Exercises (Latin), see Appendix I.

This page titled 2.1: §17. Chapter 2- Exercises is shared under a CC BY license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Peter L. Smith (BCCampus) .