Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

2.5: Negative Formers- ɔt...dtee" and "mən...dtee"

  • Page ID
    187420
    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    The negative former ɔt…dtee” and n…dtee” are used interchangeably. ɔt or mən are placed before the main verb and “dtee” is placed at the end of the statement. However, “Dtee” is optional and is omitted in spoken language.

    Examples:

    • khnhom ɔt mook bpii bprɔɔ-dteh thai dtee. “I do not come from Thailand.”
    • Koat ɔt bɔng-rian pia-saa Khmer dtee. “He does not teach Khmer.”

    However, whenjia “to be” is the main verb of the sentence, the negative mən or ɔt is replaced with mən-meen.

    Examples:

    • Koat mən-meen jia kru-bɔng-rian dtee. “He is not a teacher.”
    • Khnhom mən-meen jia kru-bpeet dtee. “I am not a doctor.”

    Listening

    Listen to the conversation between Sokha (A) and John (B) and say what John felt sorry about.

    Query \(\PageIndex{1}\)

    Reading

    Read the conversation again and choose the correct responses.

    Query \(\PageIndex{2}\)


    This page titled 2.5: Negative Formers- ɔt...dtee" and "mən...dtee" is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Vathanak Sok via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.