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13.6: Key Terms

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    236604
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    Atlantic Charter
    a statement of British and U.S. goals and objectives for the world after World War II; negotiated by British prime minister Winston Churchill and U.S. president Franklin Roosevelt
    ENIAC
    the first programmable electronic digital computer, built by the United States during World War II
    Executive Order 9066
    a presidential order that led to relocation and internment of more than 100,000 Japanese Americans during the war
    Final Solution
    the Nazi plan to eliminate the Jewish population of Europe; developed by senior bureaucrats at the Wannsee Conference
    German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
    a 1939 agreement between Germany and the USSR in which the two nations agreed not to attack one another or to assist other nations in attacking the other and to divide portions of eastern Europe between them
    Holocaust
    the Nazi genocide that resulted in the murder of more than six million Jewish people and at least three million members of other, non-Jewish minority groups
    Lebensraum
    a German term meaning “living room” and referring to lands seized from countries in eastern Europe in which Adolf Hitler envisioned settling German families to supplant the native Slavic populations
    Lend-Lease Act
    U.S. legislation enacted to provide military assistance to nations important to its defense
    Manhattan Project
    the U.S. project to build an atomic bomb
    Munich Pact
    an agreement reached in 1938 in which Czechoslovakia granted territorial concessions to Germany, Poland, and Hungary in the hopes that Adolf Hitler would cease his aggressions
    Nuremberg Laws
    a series of laws promulgated in Germany in 1935, institutionalizing Nazi racial theories and discrimination against Jewish people
    Nuremberg Trials
    the formal postwar prosecution of German war crimes
    Percentages Agreement
    the agreement between Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin about how to divide political influence in Eastern Europe after the war
    Trinity Test
    the first successful U.S. test of an atomic bomb

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