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12.7: Key Terms

  • Page ID
    236593
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    Balfour Declaration
    a 1917 statement by British foreign secretary Alfred Balfour publicly supporting the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine
    Beer Hall Putsch
    a 1923 attempt by Adolf Hitler and his followers to take over the city of Munich
    collectivization
    the taking over of agriculture by a national government
    fascism
    a political movement focused on transforming citizens into committed nationalists striving for unity and racial purity to remedy a perceived national decline
    Five-Year Plans
    domestic plans adopted by the Soviet Union in the 1930s to target industrial and agricultural output goals that were usually unrealistic
    flapper
    woman of the 1920s who embraced an independent lifestyle while wearing shorter skirts and hairstyles
    gold standard
    a monetary system in which the value of a country’s currency is tied directly to the value of gold
    gross domestic product (GDP)
    the value of all the goods and services a country produces in one year
    Guomindang
    the Chinese Nationalist Party founded by Sun Yat-sen and later led by Chiang Kai-shek
    Irish Free State
    a state formed by the twenty-six southern counties in Ireland and later called Ireland
    Kellogg-Briand Pact
    a 1928 treaty signed by more than sixty countries to renounce war as a foreign policy tool
    League of Nations
    a multinational organization created by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles to promote the goal of collective security
    Long March
    a northward march of communist supporters led by Mao Zedong that saved them from extermination by the Guomindang
    mandate system
    a system in which control of an area was transferred from one government to another under the oversight of the League of Nations
    New Deal
    a U.S. program of economic reform under Franklin Roosevelt that created work-relief programs
    New Economic Policy (NEP)
    Lenin’s policy that introduced some aspects of capitalism in response to hardships and growing discontent among the Russian people
    New Negro movement
    a movement that developed in the 1920s as African Americans agitated for increased civil rights
    Pan-African movement
    a movement based on the idea that all people in Africa could work together to achieve greater independence
    reparations
    monetary payments to be made to the Allied nations by Germany to compensate for destruction they suffered in the war
    Salt March
    a two-hundred-mile march led by Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi in India in 1930 to protest the British prohibition on collecting salt and the heavy taxes on its purchase
    Schutzstaffel (SS)
    German Nazi paramilitary organization designed for security and intimidation
    Sinn Féin
    a political party organized in 1905 that argued for greater sovereignty for Ireland
    socialist realism
    an artistic movement in the Soviet Union that took the worker as a subject and was about patriotism as much as art
    suffragist
    a person who protested in favor of women’s right to vote
    totalitarianism
    a form of government in which the state controls all aspects of a person’s life
    Treaty of Versailles
    a 1919 treaty that formally ended World War I, redrew the map of Europe, and created the League of Nations

    This page titled 12.7: Key Terms is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by OpenStax.

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