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10.7: Key Terms

  • Page ID
    236511
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    anarchism
    an ideology advocating that government be abolished
    contract labor
    a system in which people sign contracts promising to perform work in exchange for a fee
    debt bondage
    a system in which a person who owes money works (or provides someone else to work) for the creditor until the debt has been repaid
    demographic transition
    a reduction in family size in the late 1800s caused by falling birth rates in industrialized nations
    labor union
    an association that organizes workers of all kinds, both skilled and unskilled
    naturalism
    a literary style that emphasized realistic, detached, impersonal depictions of characters whose actions were molded by their environment in ways they often had no ability to control
    penal labor
    forced labor assigned as punishment to those convicted of crimes
    pogroms
    violent attacks on Jewish people in the Russian empire
    real wages
    wages measured in terms of the amount of goods and services that can be purchased with them
    realism
    a literary and artistic style that realistically depicted everyday life in the contemporary world
    romanticism
    an artistic movement formed in response to the Industrial Revolution that prized emotion and imagination and took as its subjects the themes of nature, the ordinary person, the exotic, the ancient, and the supernatural
    social democrat
    people who favor the creation of a socialist society through democratic means
    Taylorism
    a system of management that sought to improve workers’ productivity by curbing wasteful movements
    trade union
    an association that organizes workers in a particular craft or industry

    This page titled 10.7: Key Terms is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by OpenStax.

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