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8.6: Key Terms

  • Page ID
    236494
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    Cádiz Cortes
    the central Spanish junta established in the city of Cádiz that coordinated Spanish resistance to the French occupation
    creoles
    in Spanish colonies, American-born White people of European descent
    Grito de Dolores
    the “cry” of Dolores, Miguel Hidalgo’s declaration of rebellion made in the town of Dolores on September 16, 1810
    Grito do Ipiranga
    the “cry” of Ipiranga, Pedro I’s declaration of Brazilian independence, made at the Ipiranga River in 1822
    intendancy system
    the centralizing administrative system in Spanish America whereby local governments were run by governors
    juntas
    deliberative or administrative councils in Spain and Spanish America
    llaneros
    cowboys of the Venezuelan plains
    Monroe Doctrine
    a principle of U.S. foreign policy that warned European nations to refrain from interfering with independent countries in the Western Hemisphere
    peninsulares
    in Spanish colonies, European-born White people from Spain
    Plan de Iguala
    Agustín de Iturbide’s proclamation of independence creating a constitutional monarchy and protecting both the Catholic Church and Europeans living in Mexico
    viceroyalty
    an administrative subdivision of the Spanish Empire, ruled by a direct representative of the king
    Virgin of Guadalupe
    the apparition of the Virgin Mary who is said to have appeared to the Aztec peasant Juan Diego and later became the national symbol and patron saint of Mexico

    This page titled 8.6: Key Terms is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by OpenStax.

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