Into what parts of the world did Muslim traders venture? What were the main trade routes they used?
How did trade routes facilitate the spread of Islam into new areas?
How did scientific discoveries and the development of new technologies facilitate the spread of Islamic empires and communities?
How was ethnic and religious diversity treated in the Ottoman Empire?
In Europe, Suleiman was known as the Magnificent, but in the empire, he was commonly known as the Lawgiver. Why might a poor Ottoman subject have considered Suleiman’s legal reforms a more important legacy?
With what other empires and peoples did the Safavid’s goals of territorial expansion bring them into conflict?
How was the role of trade reflected in the way the Safavid Empire was run?