MLA (Modern Language Association) is the standard citation method in arts and humanities courses: art, literature, drama, film, etc.
MLA requires an in-text citation in the body of your paper and a Works Cited page at the end. MLA places value on the author name(s) and page number (whereas APA emphasizes author last name(s), date, and page number).
Let’s say you’re writing a paper on Jane Austen’s depiction of the 19th century British middle class in Pride and Prejudice . Here is how this source would be cited in the body of the paper and on the Works Cited page:
Pride and Prejudice opens with one of the most famous first lines in all of literature: “It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife” (Austen 3). Whether she is being sarcastic or serious, author Jane Austen introduces the novel’s central themes of social class and marriage in this single memorable line.
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice . Penguin, 2008.