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8.6: Trouble Spots in Language- Learn to Understand Unfamiliar Words

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    104454
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    In Reading A: Finding Home in Fernie, Jordan talks about the transient community in Fernie. Reading B: A New Life in Canada discusses the transition that newcomers to Canada need to make. These words both begin with trans-; meaning across, trans- tells us that the word is connected with movement or change.

    Other trans- words are transportation (way of getting from one place to another), transfer (move from one place to another), and translate (change from one language to another).

    If you know what the parts of a word mean, you can often guess the meaning of the word without looking it up. Below are some of the most common word parts.

     

    You Try It!

    For each word part, look at the example given. Then add another example.

    Prefixes (these come at the beginning of the word)

    1.      anti-                       against            antisocial               ______________________               

    2.      bene-                     good                benefit                   ______________________               

    3.      con-/col-                together           colleague              ______________________               

    4.      inter-                      between          international          ______________________               

    5.      micro-                    small               microscope           ______________________               

    6.      mis-                       wrong              misspell                 ______________________   

    7.      multi-                     many               multiply                 ______________________               

    8.      post-                      after                 post-war                ______________________               

    9.      pre-                       before              prepare                 ______________________               

    10.  re-                         again               renovate                ______________________               

    11.  re-                         back                respond                 ______________________               

    12.  sub-                       below              submarine             ______________________               

     

    Stems (these are the main part of the word)

    1       audi                       hearing            audible                  ______________________               

    2       auto                       self                  automatic              ______________________               

    3       bio                         life                   biology                  ______________________               

    4       cap                        head                captain                  ______________________               

    5       dict                        words              dictionary              ______________________               

    6       man                       hand                manual                  ______________________               

    7       ped                        foot                  pedometer             ______________________               

    8       port                        carry                portable                 ______________________               

    9       psych                    mind                psychology            ______________________               

    10    spec                      look                 spectacular           ______________________               

    11    tele                        far                    telescope              ______________________               

    12    vid/vis                    see                  vision                     ______________________               

     

    Suffixes (these come at the end of the word)

    Nouns

    1       -ism                       belief               communism          ______________________               

    2       -ness                     condition         happiness             ______________________               

     

    Verbs

    3       -ify                         change            magnify                 ______________________               

    4       -ize                        change            standardize           ______________________               

     

    Adjectives

    5       -ful                         with                 beautiful                ______________________               

    6       -less                      without            homeless              ______________________               

     

    Numbers

    1       uni-                        1                      unique                   ______________________               

    2       bi-                          2                      bilingual                 ______________________               

    3       tri-                          3                      triangle                  ______________________               

    4       qua(d)-                  4                      quarter                  ______________________               

    5       pent-                      5                      pentathlon             ______________________               

    6       dec-                       10                    decade                  ______________________               

    7       cent-                      100                  century                  ______________________               

    8       mil-                        1,000               millennium            ______________________               


    8.6: Trouble Spots in Language- Learn to Understand Unfamiliar Words is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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