Drafting is quickly writing up what you have on your topic, completely to the end. Once you have defined your audience and purpose, explored, written a thesis, and organized your information, it’s time to draft. Drafting means writing a complete product. Whether it is an email to a client, a lab report in chemistry, or a research paper, a draft has the basics of what is going to be in the final version of the paper, the one you deliver to your boss or instructor.
A draft does not mean a rough draft. Nothing about drafting should be rough, since you have already been through over half of the writing process and are prepared to soon have a complete piece of writing. Complete, however, doesn’t mean finished. You still have three more steps of the writing process to go (revising, editing, and proofreading).