Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

5.3: Grammaire - présentation

  • Page ID
    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Pronom interrogatif lequel

    Lequellesquelslaquellelesquelles are pronouns, i.e. they are used in place of a noun. They are used to ask the questions 'which one?' or 'which ones?' They assume the number and gender of the nouns they replace and contract with the prepositions à and de.

    For example: Parmi toutes les universités du Texas, laquelle préférez-vous ? 

    For example: Tu parles d'un film français, mais duquel parles-tu exactement ?


    Masculine singular
    Masculine plural
    Feminine singular
    Feminine plural
      lequel lesquels laquelle lesquelles
    with à auquel auxquels à laquelle auxquelles
    with de duquel desquels de laquelle desquelles


    Complétez les phrases avec la forme correcte du pronom interrogatif lequel

    - Hier, Shasta a vu ses amis. 

    - Ah bon? 1. ........?

    - Il a vu Astérix et Obélix. Ils ont parlé du match. 

    - Ah bon?  2. ...... ont-ils parlé ?

    - Du match de football américain.


    1. Lesquels 2. Duquel


    Pronom relatif lequel 

    preposition + lequel, laquelle, lesquels, lesquelles

    The relative pronouns lequellaquellelesquels, and lesquelles (which) are used when the relative clause is introduced by a preposition other than de/d'. These pronouns make the usual contractions with the prepositions à and de. Note that the preposition in French must always be placed immediately in front of the relative pronoun.

    For example: Le bâtiment dans lequel les étudaints passent beaucoup de temps s'appelle Agnes Arnold Hall.

    Note: The form dont is generally used in spoken French instead of the forms duquelde laquelledesquels, and desquelles; however, these latter forms may also be found, especially in written texts. Dont may be substituted only for the simple preposition de and its object, but a form of lequel must be used when de is part of a two- or three-word preposition, such as 'à propos de, près de, loin de, à côté de.'

    For example: Le bâtiment à côté duquel il y a une fontainte, s'appelle Cullen.


    Complétez les phrases avec la forme correcte du pronom relatif lequel

    Le chat botté aimer grimper dans les arbres, sous 1.... les étudiants se reposent. Idéfix, le chien d'Astérix, s'est endormi sur un banc derrière 2 ....... il y a un café. 


    1. lesquels 2. lequel 

    Verbes avec des prépositions

    The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. In many expressions, the choice of the preposition à or de before an infinitive is purely idiomatic; that is, it is unrelated to meaning. In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used.


    When the following verbs are followed by an infinitive, the preposition à is required.

    aider à, to help to   encourager à, to encourage to
    s'amuser à, to have fun at   s'habituer à, to get used to
    apprendre à, to learn to   hésiter à, to hesitate to
    arriver à, to succeed in, to manage to   inviter à, to invite to
    s'attendre à, to expect to   se mettre à, to start to
    avoir du mal à, to find it difficult to   se préparer à, to prepare to
    chercher à, to try to, to attempt to   renoncer à, to give up
    commencer à, to start to   réussir à, to succeed at
    continuer à/de, to continue to
    (either à or de)
      servir à, to be used for
    se décider à, to make up one's mind to   tenir à, to be anxious to, to be eager to


    When the following verbs are followed by an infinitive, the preposition de is required.

    (s')arrêter de, to stop   oublier de, to forget to
    choisir de, to choose to   permettre (à quelqu'un) de,
    to permit someone to
    conseiller de, to advise to   persuader de, to persuade to
    se contenter de, to content oneself with   se presser de, to hurry to
    continuer à/de, to continue to
    (either à or de)
      promettre de, to promise to
    décider de, to decide to   proposer de, to propose to
    s'efforcer de to try hard to, to endeavor to   refuser de, to refuse to
    essayer de, to try to   rêver de to dream of
    s'excuser de, to apologize for   se soucier de, to care about
    finir de, to finish   se souvenir de, to remember to
    mériter de, to deserve, to be worth    


    Most idiomatic expressions with avoir also require de + infinitive: avoir peur de, avoir besoin de, avoir envie de, avoir honte de, etc.

    Complétez les phrases avec les préposistions correctes

    Shasta apprend 1. .... parler français. Les étudiants ont décidé 2. ..... rester sur le campus.


    1. à  2. de 

    This page is an adoptation of Francais Interactif. For more information, see the following links:

    This page titled 5.3: Grammaire - présentation is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Viola Green, Raymond Gnanwo Houfondji, Julie Tolliver, and Céline Wilson.

    • Was this article helpful?