Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

6.5: Phonétique

  • Page ID
    219920
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Les voyelles nasales

    In addition to oral vowels, French also has three nasal vowels (however, in some Francophone areas, there are four nasal vowels). Oral vowels are produced mainly within the oral cavity. Nasal vowels are produced when air passes through the nose as well as the mouth.
    English has nasal-like vowels in words such as sing and impossible, but the nasal consonants /n/ and /m/ are still pronounced. These consonants are not pronounced in French when following a nasal vowel. The consonant is totally assimilated into the vowel pronunciation.

    Oral vowels Nasal vowels
    nos non
    à an
    paix pain
    ã centre, pantalon, sandales, manteau, planche, randonnée, médicaments, ventre, jambe, branché
    ɛ̃ moins, ceinture, bain, imperméable, alpin, peinture, main, mincir
    õ talon, décontracté, tomber, bon, longue, son, pont, onze, content, maison

    ã

    Lisez les paires de mots suivants:

    gras/grand
    chat/chanter
    Jeanne/Jean
    âne/an

    ɛ̃

    Lisez les paires de mots suivants:
    certaine/certain
    ancienne/ancien
    aucune/aucun

    õ

    Lisez les paires de mots suivants:

    peau/pont
    mot/mont
    beau/bon

    Aknowledgment: some parts of this page are partially adopted from Francais Interactif.


    6.5: Phonétique is shared under a CC BY license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

    • Was this article helpful?