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4.7: Expressing Posession

  • Page ID
    44552
  • In English, possessive adjectives are my, your, his, her, & our.

    In Spanish, possessive adjectives go before the noun (just like in English), but we have to account for plurality (and gender for a couple of the forms).

    Mi carro es rojo. (Notice how everything is singular throughout the sentence).

    Mis perros son grandes. (Notice how everything is plural throughout the sentence).


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    Actividad 19

    Rellenar el espacio. Fill in the blank to complete each expression using a possessive adjective.

    1. ___________ madre (formal your)` 11. ___________ carro (his)

    2. ___________ casa (our) 12. ___________ casa (her)

    3. ___________ clases (informal your) 13. ___________ clases (plural your, LatAm)

    4. ___________ mejor amigo (informal your) 14. ___________ clases (plural your, España)

    5. ___________ gato (my) 15. ___________ problemas (his)

    6. ___________ amigas (our) 16. ___________ carro (Their)

    7. ___________ programas (its) 17. ___________ amigos (her)

    8. ___________ auto (our) 18. ___________amigos (my)

    9. ___________ perros (our) 19. ___________ gatos (Their)

    10. __________ padres (formal your) 20. ___________ casa (plural your, LatAm)

    Actividad 20

    ¡A traducir! Translate the sentences from English to Spanish. Be sure to include a possessive adjective in your response.

    1. His house is big.

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    2. Her books are interesting.

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Our car is black.

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Your (plural, LatAm) country (país) is beautiful.

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    5. Their dog is very social (sociable).

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    There is no possessive “S” in Spanish like there is in English.

    This is a very hard habit to break for native English speakers, so put in the extra effort.

    To express the same idea, we have to follow a strict formula to communicate possession:

    Definite Article + (the possession) + de + (person’s name or title)

    My mom’s car = el carro de mi mamá.

    Julia’s boyfriend = el novio de Julia.

    Antonio’s job = el trabajo de Antonio

    My grandma’s cookies = las galletas de mi abuela

    My dog’s toys = los juguetes de mi perro

    Las galletas de mi abuela son mejores que las galletas de tu abuela.

    Actividad 21

    ¡A traducir! Translate these English phrases that use the possessive S into Spanish using “de.”

    1. María Alejandra’s cat

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    2. My girlfriend’s classes

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    3. Julio’s car

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    4. My students’ exams

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    5. My dad’s job

    _________________________________________________________________________________

    Actividad 22

    La lectura. Read the following paragraph, then write a brief summary in English.


    Los perros de mi abuela se llaman Cookie y Monster. Ellos son pomeranios. La personalidad de Cookie es muy buena. Ella es cariñosa y sensible. Pasa todo el día durmiendo en el sofá de mi abuela y mi abuela la quiere mucho. Sin embargo, su hermano es muy diferente. La personalidad de Monster no es muy buena. Él tiene mucha energía y come todas las pantuflas (slippers) de mi abuela. También, Monster destruye todos los juguetes (toys) de Cookie. Sin embargo y a pesar de todas sus travesuras, mi abuela lo quiere mucho también.

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