Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

2.7: Combination of Consonants and Combination of Consonants with Diacritic “់”

  • Page ID
    187422
    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Combination of Consonants

    Please note that when final consonants— (kɔɔ)​​, (ngoo), (dtɔɔ), (nhoo), ម​ (moo), (bɔɔ), (loo), (noo)—occur at the end of a word, their sounds are slightly changed from when they occur at the beginning.

    Examples:

    • បង​=​​ bɔɔng (not bɔɔ-ngoo)
    • សក= sɔɔk (not sɔɔ-kɔɔ)
    • ចត= jɔɔt (not jɔɔ-dtɔɔ)
    • សម= sɔɔm (not sɔɔ-moo)

    Use the audio and Table 1 below to learn how to pronounce the words and the final consonants.

    Table 1
    No. Combination of Consonants English
    1 ចត to park
    2 សក to shed
    3 លង to haunt
    4 ទង stem
    5 គង type of Khmer musical instrument
    6 កង bracelet
    7 កក frozen
    8 ឆក bald
    9 ដក to subtract (from)
    10 ពក bump
    11 ដង carrying stick
    12 ចង to tie up
    13 សង to pay back
    14 ពង egg

    Reading and Writing

    Read the words in Table 2 and provide the missing consonants. Then check your answer against Table 1.

    An example is given.

    Table 2
    Word Missing consonants
    to park +
    to tie up _+_
    to pay back _+_
    to haunt _+_
    to subtract from _+_
    to shed _+_
    bald _+_
    frozen _+_
    egg _+_
    carrying stick _+_
    bracelet _+_
    bump _+_

    Combination of Consonants with Diacritic Bɔntɔk “់”

    The diacritic Bɔntɔk “់”​ is placed over the final consonant symbol to shorten the vowel sound of that syllable and change the meaning of the word completely.

    Examples:

    • កក​​​​ “frozen” to កក់ “to book”.
    • ចង​ “to tie up” to ចង់ “to want”.

    Use the audio and Table 3 below to learn how to pronounce the combination of consonants with diacritic Bɔntɔk “់”.

    Table 3
    No. Combination of consonants with diacritic English
    1 សង់ to build
    2 សក់ hair
    3 ទង់ flag
    4 លង់ to drown
    5 កក់ to book
    6 ឆក់ to be electrocuted
    7 កង់ bicycle
    8 ចង់ to want
    9 ចត់ bitter

    Reading

    Match the Khmer words with the English words.

    Query \(\PageIndex{1}\)


    This page titled 2.7: Combination of Consonants and Combination of Consonants with Diacritic “់” is shared under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Vathanak Sok via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.