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Humanities LibreTexts

3.1: Dialogue 1

  • Page ID
    31518
  • Michael:今日 きょう は何日 なんにち ですか。 Kyou wa nan-nichi desu ka. What date is it today?

    Honda :ええっと、 八日 ようか じゃないですか。 Eetto, youka ja nai desu ka. Umm, isn’t it the 8th?

    Michael:じゃ、締め切りまであと一週間 いっしゅうかん ですね。 Ja, shimekiri made ato is-shuukan desu ne. Then, it’s one week left until the deadline, right?

    Honda : ええ、がんばりましょう。 Ee, ganbarimashou. Yes, let’s do our best. Michael:はい、一生懸命 いっしょうけんめい 、がんばります。 Hai, isshoukenmei ganbarimasu. Yes, I’ll go all out and do my best.

    Vocabulary

    nan-nichi なんにち 何日 what date? See 7-1-1
    youka ようか 八日 8th (of the month) See 7-1-1
    shimekiri しめきり 締め切り deadline
    ato あと 後 remaining, left (with a quantity)
    ~shuukan 〜しゅうかん 週間 number of weeks See 7-1-2
    is-shuukan いっしゅうかん 一週間 one week
    isshoukenmei いっしょうけんめい 一生懸命 go all out, with utmost effort

    Grammar Notes

    Calendar time: Counting and Naming Dates

    The classifier for both naming and counting days is: ka 日 か or nichi 日 に ち . When naming the days of the month, you only go up to the 31st, but when counting days you can go a lot higher. So, 50 nichi can only mean ‘fifty days’ while tooka can mean ‘the tenth of the month’ or ‘ten days.’ Please note the following:

    • the first day of the month is tsuitachi (naming) while one day is ichi-nichi (counting).

    • The Japanese number series with the classifier 〜ka is used up through ten, and then the Chinese number series with 〜nichi is used for the rest.

    • two exceptions: hatsuka ‘the 20th’ or ‘twenty days’ and combinations ending with 4 such as juuyok-ka and nijuuyok-ka.

    • Nan-nichi asks what date? or how many days? Please distinguish between ‘what day of the month’ nan-nichi and ‘what day of the week’ nan-youbi.

    Days of the Month

    clipboard_eaa9a77755db876d3fd27758712968150.png

    Counting Weeks

    The classifier for counting weeks is ~shuukan 週間しゅうかん . There is no naming classifier for weeks. Note the sound change (s  ss) with 1, 8 and 10.

    is-shuukan 一週間
    いっしゅうかん
    one week
    ni-shuukan 二週間
    にしゅうかん
    two weeks
    san-shuukan 三週間
    さんしゅうかん
    three weeks
    yon-shuukan 四週間
    よんしゅうかん
    four weeks
    go-shuukan 五週間
    ごしゅうかん
    five weeks
    roku-shuukan 六週間
    ろくしゅうかん
    six weeks
    nana-shuukan 七週間
    ななしゅうかん
    seven weeks

    has-shuukan 八週間
    はっしゅうかん
    eight weeks
    kyuu-shuukan 九週間
    きゅうしゅうかん
    nine weeks
    jus-shuukan 十週間
    じゅっしゅうかん
    ten weeks
    nan-shuukan 何週間
    なんしゅうかん

    how many weeks?

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