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9.1: Introduction

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    Learning Objectives

    Upon completion of this chapter, readers will be able to do the following:

    1. Define HTML and identify what it stands for.
    2. Build a simple web page using HTML coding.
      1. Identify and use common HTML tags.
      2. Explain and apply basic tag rules.
      3. Explain attributes and use them to stylize text and images.
      4. Embed videos and other embeddable items into HTML web pages.
    3. Identify websites where readers can learn more and practice their HTML skills.

    There is a high probability that the readers of this chapter have at least heard the acronym HTML, although many may only know its most basic meaning: HTML is a code that makes web pages. You are not wrong, but there is a bit more to it. For example, did you know that HTML is actually a language with rules, just as English is? Or, perhaps, did you know that HTML actually stands for something, and is not just an all-caps name? Let's start from the beginning.

    Before we begin our adventure into HTML, hover your mouse over this text. Any time you see bolded blue text, it means that there is a text-popper there. If you hover over it, you'll get more information about the indicated item.

    HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. HTML is a coded computer language that, when read by a web browser, displays the web pages you see every day when exploring the Internet.

    Don't believe me? See for yourself: In Mozilla Firefox, right click on a web page and click "Inspect Element." The code of the page you are looking at should appear at the bottom of the page. This code is what Firefox reads to show you the page you are seeing in your browser. Pretty cool, huh?

    HTML is the baseline coding of every web page you see out there, and when combined with CSS, JavaScript, and other languages, it can create cleanly-constructed and functional websites.

    This page titled 9.1: Introduction is shared under a CC BY license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Tiffani Reardon, Tammy Powell, Jonathan Arnett, Monique Logan, & Cassie Race.

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