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    57231
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     academic writing, 3, 5, 11, 14–17,
    177, 180, 188
    Achebe, Chinua, 226, 233
    Ad Council, 50–52, 56, 58
    ad hominem, 172–173
    Allen, Sarah, 34
    Almwaja, Motasim, 152
    American Psychological Association
    (APA), 16, 30, 80, 215
    analysis, 9–13, 15, 29, 37, 46,
    48, 51–52, 55–57, 161, 166,
    186–187
    Anderson, Kelly Ruth, 154
    Anson, Chris M., 193, 198, 203
    anthology, 229–232
    Antlitz, Susan E., 82, 100, 101,
    102, 103
    anxiety, 3, 19, 43, 82, 87, 89,
    93–97, 105, 151–152, 154, 187,
    201, 208
    Anzaldua, Gloria, 130, 131, 132,
    145
    argument, xii, 9–12, 15, 22, 27,
    29, 32, 43, 47, 49, 52, 54–57,
    60, 62, 65, 66, 69, 74, 77–79,
    109, 115–117, 123, 127–129,
    138, 141, 143, 156–178, 180–
    186, 189, 195, 197, 206–207,
    209, 215–216
    Aristotle, 52, 55, 162, 166–168,
    179
    arrangement, 137, 172
    assignment, 5, 7–32, 34, 41, 48,
    59–61, 89, 93–94, 96, 104,
    107–110, 112, 114–118, 120,
    123, 126–128, 135, 140, 145,
    148, 149, 155, 185, 188–189,
    192–193, 197, 199, 205–207,
    212, 214–215, 220, 235–237,
    255
    Atkins, Anthony T., 235
    audience, 5–7, 10, 15, 17, 22,
    29, 36, 43, 48–56, 58, 65, 79,
    83, 90–92, 94, 96–97, 111,
    118–125, 129–130, 153, 161,
    166–169, 188, 191, 193, 196,
    198–199, 206, 219–221, 232,
    237, 238, 244, 258, 260
    Autry, Josh, 200
    Bartholomae, David, 35–36, 44
    Bazemore, Erica, 150, 152
    Beckett, Samuel, 228, 233
    Benjamin, Walter, 228–229, 233
    Bishop, Wendy, 192–193, 201,
    204, 261
    Bitzer, Lloyd, 48–49, 58, 251–252,
    261
    Bizzell, Patricia, 39–40, 44
    blog, 47, 158, 164, 178–179, 223,
    242–243
    Borkowski, Susan, 147
    Bowman, Jane Smith, 191, 204
    brainstorming, 60, 62–64, 79,
    107–109, 112, 114, 116, 122,
    131, 241
    Bruns, Axel, 206–207, 209, 213,
    223

    bulleting, 128, 136, 139
    Burke, Kenneth, 47, 58
    business writing, 25–26, 33
    Carroll, Laura Bolin, 45
    Carroll, Lee Ann, 7, 17, 45, 80
    Casey, Linda H., 217
    Chase, Brian, 207
    Cheng, Xiaoguang, 198, 204
    Chesmar, Lindsey, 217–218, 223
    citation, 24, 27, 29–30, 65, 80,
    208, 213, 215
    claim, 9, 11–13, 15, 37, 54–56,
    122, 137, 169–171, 173, 178,
    182–184, 186, 188–189, 207,
    213, 215
    Clark, Susan, 187–188, 190
    Colbert, Stephen, 205, 223
    collaboration, xiii, xiv, 144,
    152, 157, 235–239, 241, 243,
    246–247
    composing, 99, 131, 193, 200,
    225, 266
    Conley, Thomas M., 107, 125
    Coulter, Ann, 165, 178
    country songs, 249–250
    Craig, Collin, 126, 263
    creative nonfiction, 193, 263
    creativity, 83, 86, 88, 92, 95–96,
    112, 116, 127–128
    critical freewriting, 128, 133–137,
    139
    critical reading, 11, 14, 129
    critical thinking, 15, 31, 53, 128,
    184
    Cummings, Robert E., vii, ix, xi,
    264
    Czajkowski, Mike, 153
    data, 27, 52, 71, 73, 169–170,
    183, 187, 217
    Dawson, Joshua, 199
    deadlines, 237–238, 247
    deductive reasoning, 163–164, 166
    democracy, 157, 160, 162, 164,
    178–179
    Deutsch, Georg, 214–215
    Devitt, Amy, 252–253, 255, 259,
    261
    DeWitt, Scott Lloyd, 127–128,
    144–145
    dialogic, 128, 138, 140
    Dickinson, Emily, 228, 233
    directive verbs, 23–24, 32
    Dirk, Kerry, 249, 264
    discourse community, 38
    drafting, 21, 79, 108, 110, 196,
    198, 229, 242
    editing, 79, 148, 194, 220,
    229–231, 237–239
    Elbow, Peter, 36–36, 44, 131, 137,
    140, 145
    Elliot, Andrew J., 33
    email, 39, 49, 82, 88, 100, 103,
    120, 135, 192, 241, 244, 248,
    253
    Emig, Janet, 110, 125
    emotion, 42, 47, 53–54, 129
    emotional appeal, 53, 167, 172
    encyclopedia, 208–209, 222–223
    Encyclopedia Britannica, 207
    equivocation, 172
    error, 37, 131, 207, 217, 258
    ethics, 25–26, 31, 46, 81, 157,
    162, 171–172
    ethos, 47, 52–55, 73, 148,
    166–167
    evidence, 9–10, 14, 27–29, 32, 48,
    60, 69, 71, 73–74, 77, 116, 129,
    137, 163–167, 169–174, 184,
    219
    exigence, 48–52, 55, 58, 184
    Facebook, 47, 87, 100, 103, 111,
    135, 242, 253, 263

    feedback, 31, 41, 59, 60, 65–66,
    70, 77, 79–80, 94, 103, 123,
    138, 151, 192, 206, 219,
    220–221, 240
    first person, 180–183, 185–190
    first year composition, 3, 39, 45,
    205–206, 211, 217, 222–223,
    265
    Fish, Stanley, 164, 178–179
    five paragraph essay, 5, 185
    flexible outlining, 128, 135–136
    focused freewriting, 128, 132
    found poetry, 227–228
    Freadman, Anne, 251, 261
    freewriting, 35, 88, 105, 112, 116,
    128, 131–137, 139, 195–196
    generative ideas, 127
    generative outlining, 128, 138,
    140,
    genre, xii, 7, 17, 27, 60, 112,
    118–121, 129, 186–187, 192,
    206, 226, 233, 249–262, 264
    Giles, Jim, 207, 223
    Giles, Sandra, 191, 264
    Gill, Ashley, 211, 214–215, 223
    Gmail, 239
    Godfrey, Paige, 151
    Golding, Alan, 233
    Google Docs, 238–240, 242–244,
    247–248
    Google Talk, 239
    Gorgias, 161–162
    grade, 7, 24, 26, 28, 37, 41, 43,
    92, 121, 150, 155, 198, 236, 242
    Grady, Michael, 214–215
    grammar, 5, 31, 43, 131–132, 149,
    155, 232, 251
    Grootendorst, Rob, 172, 179
    group work, 121, 123–124,
    238–239, 242–243, 246, 248
    Henkemans, Francesca Snoeck,
    172
    Hewett, Beth L., 59
    Hillocks, George, Jr., 109, 125
    Hinton, Corrine E., 18, 265
    hooks, bell, 138–139 143, 145
    Hoover, Bob, 217–218
    Howard, Rebecca Moore, 198,
    204, 225, 233
    I-less-ness, 180–181, 184–185,
    188
    inductive reasoning, 164–165
    instant messaging, 100, 103, 105,
    134–136, 139–142, 242
    introduction, 5, 13, 15, 26, 30, 40,
    149, 185–186, 189, 195, 197,
    217, 258
    invention, xii, 82, 87–92, 94, 97,
    103–105, 107–116, 118, 121,
    123–125, 126–128, 131, 140,
    143–145, 192
    Irvin, L. Lennie, 3
    Isaac, Megan Lynn, 107
    Isocrates, 162
    Jackson, Michael, 208, 219,
    223–224
    James, Henry, 205, 226, 233
    Johnson, Mark, 157
    Jones, Rebecca, 156
    journal writing, xii, 62, 82, 92,
    95–96, 103, 105
    Kagan, Zipora, 233
    Kelly, Jonathan, 200
    Kundera, Milan, 226, 233
    Lakoff, George, 157, 179
    Leary, Christopher, 225
    LeFevre, Karen Burke, 111, 125
    Lessner, Steven, 126
    Letter to the Reader, 193–198, 203

    library, 8, 20, 31, 60, 68, 104, 211,
    232, 246
    literacy, 7–9, 11, 14–15, 133, 183,
    218
    literature review, 30, 186, 214, 216
    Locke, Kenneth, 24, 32
    logic, 16, 26, 52, 149, 158,
    160–167, 171–172, 176, 214
    logical appeal, 131, 175
    logical fallacy, 5, 158, 160, 172, 177
    logos, 52–55, 148, 166–167
    Lowe, Charles, 229
    Maier, Markus A., 33
    Marquez, David, 186–188, 190
    Marquez, Garcia, Gabriel, 226,
    233
    Martin, Marisa, 154
    Mathis, Chelsie, 199
    McKinney Maddalena, Kate, 180,
    190
    meditation, 82, 89
    mental model, 3
    meta-analysis, 188
    metacognition, 193, 203
    methodology, 29, 181–183, 187,
    189
    Microsoft Office, 239
    Microsoft PowerPoint, 56, 103–
    104, 239, 244
    Microsoft Word, 171, 226, 239
    Miller, Carolyn, 252, 254, 261
    Modern Language Association
    (MLA), 16, 30, 80, 215
    Montaigne, Michel, 233
    Moore, Haley, 199
    Moss, Ann, 228–230, 233
    music, 42–43, 50, 99, 111, 249
    myth, 4–5, 36
    MythBusters, 4
    narrative, 27, 53
    neutral point of view, 206
    objectivity, 5, 116, 180–182, 189,
    214
    observer effect, 182–183
    Onion, The, 254, 255
    open source, xii, xiii, xiv
    Ordonez, Sandra, 209
    outline, 29, 128, 132, 135–140,
    160, 186, 195–195, 200, 211,
    213
    ownership, 184–186
    Paley, Nina, 156, 178
    paraphrase, 40, 183, 207, 209,
    217, 219
    passive voice, 181–182
    patchwriting, 225, 229–232
    pathos, 47, 52–53, 55, 148,
    166–167
    Paxton, Pamela, 169–170, 179
    peer response, 64
    Pekrun, Reinhard, 19, 33
    personal narrative, 133, 189
    Phillips, Daniel, 149, 150
    plagiarism, xii, 39, 41, 225, 227
    Plath, Sylvia, 228, 233
    Plato, 161, 162, 179
    Poe, Edgar Allan, 215
    Ponsot, Marie, 228, 234
    portfolio, 192–193, 229–230, 232
    pragma–dialectics, 161, 171, 178
    preliminary draft, 60, 64–66, 68,
    77, 79
    presentation draft, 60, 65, 70, 77,
    79, 104
    prewriting, 79, 112, 131
    process note, 192–193
    procrastination, xii, 20, 94, 221
    pronoun, 180, 183, 196
    proofreading, 31, 79
    punctuation, 6, 37
    Purdy, James P., 205–206, 223–
    224

    purpose, 7, 17, 22, 25, 28, 49, 51–
    52, 82, 89–90, 111, 118–121,
    125, 130, 160, 191, 193–199,
    236, 242, 247, 251, 253–254,
    258, 260
    qualifiers, 169, 178
    Quintilian, 161, 179
    quoting, 217, 219, 222, 229
    Rafoth, Ben, 146, 223
    ransom note, 254–257
    reader/recorder, 140–144
    reading rhetorically, 128–129
    rebuttal, 164, 169, 171, 176, 178
    recursive, 4, 135, 206, 211, 220
    reflection, xii, 29, 103, 105, 133–
    134, 138, 143–144, 161, 183,
    191, 193, 198, 200–201, 203
    reflective writing, 92, 191–193,
    199, 202, 203
    Regelski, Thomas, 214–215
    Reiff, Mary Jo, 251, 262
    religion, 47, 89, 170, 199
    research paper, 57, 120–121, 197,
    222, 237, 255, 259, 261
    research skills, 7, 8
    research writing, 121
    research-based writing 205–209,
    211–220, 222
    revision, xii, 5, 36–37, 41, 43,
    59–60, 65–66, 74, 77–80, 108,
    124, 135, 149, 151, 192–194,
    198–203, 206, 211–212,
    219–222, 238–239, 241–242
    rhetoric, 46–49, 51–57, 161–163,
    166, 171, 174, 254;
    rhetor, 49, 51–56
    rhetorical analysis, 46, 48, 56–57,
    148
    rhetoric and composition, 35, 36,
    39–40, 250–251
    rhetorical reading, 128, 132
    rhetorical situation, 48–52, 55, 58,
    62, 111, 129, 130, 252–253, 258
    rhetorical triangle, xii, 51–52
    Rice, Jeff, 230, 234
    Rosenzweig, Roy, 209
    Schrift, Alan, 230, 234
    science writing, 181, 183
    Seigenthaler, John, 207, 224
    Shakespeare, William, 38, 151
    Skype, 246
    Smith, Jane Bowman, 198,
    202–204
    Smith, Jeremy Adam, 170, 179
    Sommers, Jeffrey, 201, 204
    Sophists, 161–162
    sources, 15–16, 27, 29, 62, 67–68,
    74, 77, 94, 104, 111, 122, 181,
    184–185, 189, 197, 205–211,
    213–219, 221–222, 231
    spirituality, 88, 192
    Springer, Sally, 214, 215
    Steffenson, Margaret S., 198, 204
    Stentz, Zack, 231, 234
    straw man, 172, 173
    style, 5, 16, 18, 24, 27–31, 80, 92,
    121, 153, 192–194, 226, 232,
    250–251, 254
    summarizing, 10, 12, 26–28, 31,
    164, 183, 185–186, 189, 209,
    212–214, 217, 219, 221, 244
    survey, 111–112, 170, 218
    syllogism, 164
    synthesize, 23, 107, 185
    teamwork, 53, 153, 235–237, 239
    technology, xi, 61, 67, 88, 93,
    100–103, 113, 127, 149, 221,
    236–239, 241–244, 247
    Terrill, Robert, 186, 190
    text messaging, 46, 48, 103,
    134–137, 139–143
    Thaiss, Chris, 14, 17

    thesis, 9, 11–16, 29, 57, 60,
    63, 66–67, 69–71, 77, 102,
    147–148, 185, 220, 230, 237,
    256, 258
    tone, 6, 23, 34, 54, 104, 132, 180,
    189, 250
    topic, xii, 8–9, 11–14, 16, 20,
    31, 59–63, 65, 67, 83–84, 87,
    96, 100, 107–112, 114–119,
    121–126, 131–137, 140, 144,
    146–147, 151, 158, 177, 184,
    194–196, 200, 203, 206–216,
    218, 220, 222, 231, 237, 258
    topic sentence 7, 258
    Toulmin, Stephen, 161, 168–169,
    178
    transition, 3, 16, 38, 69, 71, 127–
    128, 155, 145, 185, 188–189
    tree diagram, 137
    Trim, Michelle D., 107
    tutor, 25, 31, 146–155
    Twitter, 46, 103, 135
    van Eemeren, Frans H, 172, 179
    Van Horne, Sam, 151
    Verifiability Policy, Wikipedia, 209,
    210, 213
    Virgil, 14
    visual outlining, 128, 137–139
    vocabulary, 38, 161, 168–169,
    178, 200, 251
    voice, 14, 18, 36, 135–136,
    139–140, 142–143, 181–183,
    186, 188–189, 219, 230, 251
    Von Seggern, John, 232, 234
    warrant, 169–171, 178
    Web 2.0, 210, 212, 238, 243–244,
    247
    WebMD, 151
    Welch, Kathleen E., 107
    Wetpaint, 238
    wiki, 205, 219, 221, 238–244, 247
    Wikipedia, xii, xiii, 8, 56, 205–
    224, 238–239, 248
    Wikispaces, 238, 247
    Wilson, Janell, 217, 221, 224
    Wilson, Mark A., 217, 221
    Winegardner, Mark, 201
    Wright, Charles, 228
    writing center, 25, 27, 31, 44, 112,
    146, 148, 150–155, 220–221
    writing situation, 4–7, 17, 29, 107,
    109, 110, 112, 118, 120, 124,
    129, 135, 188, 198, 260
    Yancey, Kathleen, 191, 198
    YouTube, 56, 104, 159. 100
    Zawacki, Terry, 14
    Zemliansky, Pavel, 229
    zero draft, 60, 63–65, 79

     

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