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5.2: Annotated Bibliography

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    The annotated bibliography\(^{102}\) is one of the possible first steps to writing a successful research paper. By completing an annotated bibliography, you will begin your research long before the actual research paper is due, so you can gather what is out there and filter what you want to use in your draft.


    An annotation is a brief summary of a book, article, chart, visual, video or other publication. The purpose of an annotation is to describe the work in such a way that the reader can decide whether or not to read the work itself. An annotated bibliography helps the reader understand the particular usefulness of each item. The ideal annotated bibliography shows the relationships among individual items and may compare their strengths or shortcomings.

    Step-By-Step Approach to Annotating:

    The following approach to annotating will help you to use your reading time to best advantage.

    • Familiarize yourself with the contents of the book or article, etc.
    • Read as much of the book or article (or watch the video/listen to the podcast) as is necessary to understand its content.
    • Outline or make notes of the information you think should be incorporated in the annotation.
    • Write a paragraph that covers the spirit of the book or article, etc. without undue emphasis on any one or more particular points. Summarize as best you can.
    • Write in complete sentences.
    • The most effective annotation is tightly written with succinct and descriptive wording. Annotations are short notes and are normally no more than 150 words. Brevity and clarity are the goals.
    • Grab the attention of the reader at the beginning of the annotation.

    Screen Shot 2022-01-15 at 4.27.12 PM.png

    Dental Hygiene: Pros and Cons By Kendryn\(^{103}\)

    Metro-Sanchez, Amber. “Why I Would Choose Dental Hygiene all Over Again.”

    StackPath, 21 Feb 2017, In this article she talks about the negativity of social media that said hygienist don’t exactly love their job. One negative thing that she pointed out was it is hard to find an office that fits your personality. She also had some good points such as, being able to spend one-on one time with her patients. She says she has heard lots of interesting stories.

    “Five Benefits of a Career as a Dental Hygienist - APLUS Institute.” APLUS Institute,

    18 Dec. 2018, In this article they talk not only about the benefits of becoming a dental hygienist but, how you will assess pain, poorly controlled diabetes, and cardiovascular disease resulting from oral inflammation. They explain how teeth can show a lot about the health of a patient.

    “Pros and Cons of Being a Dental Hygienist: Complete Mobile Dentistry.” Complete

    Mobile Dentistry |, 12 June 2017, https://www.completemobiledentistry....tal-hygienist/. The article talked about four positive ideas of becoming a dental hygienist. They were growing employment, great salary, minimal schooling, and flexibility. They also brought very good negative aspects too dental hygiene too including, not much of a variety, repetitive and unpleasant patients.

    \(^{102}\)"Rhetoric and Composition/Teacher's Handbook/Teaching Annotated Bibliography." Wikibooks, The Free Textbook Project. 10 Aug 2016, 20:05 UTC. 10 Sep 2019, 20:24 <>.

    \(^{103}\)This wonderful nugget was created by Kendryn in the Spring of 2021. This is licensed under CC-BY-NC-SA.

    This page titled 5.2: Annotated Bibliography is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Sybil Priebe (Independent Published) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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