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Humanities Libertexts

1.S: Basic Ideas and Tools (Summary)

The following list gives you the important terms which have been introduced in this chapter. Make sure you understand all of them by writing a short explanation of each. Please refer back to the text to make sure, in each case, that you have correctly explained the term. Keep your explanation of these terms in your notebook for reference and review later on in the course.

  1. Argument
  2. Valid Deductive Argument
  3. Good Inductive Argument
  4. Deductive Argument
  5. Inductive Argument
  6. Atomic Sentence (also called 'Sentence Letter' or 'Atomic Sentence Letter')
  7. Compound Sentence
  8. Connective
  9. Component d 'Sentence Letter' or
  10. ~ (called the 'Negation Sign' or 'Sign of Denial')
  11. Negation
  12. & (called the 'Sign of Conjunction')
  13. Conjunction
  14. Conjunct
  15. v (called the 'Sign of Disjunction')
  16. Disjunction
  17. Disjunct
  18. Inclusive Or
  19. Exclusive Or
  20. Truth Value
  21. Truth Table
  22. Truth Table Definition
  23. Assignment of Truth Values
  24. Case
  25. Truth Function
  26. Truth Functional Connective
  27. Truth Functional Compound
  28. Main Connective


  • Paul Teller (UC Davis). The Primer was published in 1989 by Prentice Hall, since acquired by Pearson Education. Pearson Education has allowed the Primer to go out of print and returned the copyright to Professor Teller who is happy to make it available without charge for instructional and educational use.

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