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Humanities Libertexts

8.3: Practice Exercises

Exercise \(\PageIndex{1}\)

Given the excerpt from a recent Time magazine article, evaluate the attempted paraphrases for plagiarism and citation accuracy. Use a highlighter to note words and phrases lifted exactly from the passage.

Sample Excerpt:

Walsh, Bryan. “The Upside of Being an Introvert (and Why Extroverts are Overrated). Time, 6 February 2012, pp. 40-45.

“Simply being an introvert can also feel taxing—especially in America, land of the loud and home of the talkative. From classrooms built around group learning to open-plan offices that encourage endless meetings, it sometimes seems that the quality of your work has less value than the volume of your voice” (Walsh 42).

  1. Simply being an introvert can also feel taxing—especially in America, land of the loud and home of the talkative (Walsh 42).
  2. Being an introvert in America is challenging because we are the land of the loud and home of the loquacious. Today’s classrooms are adapted around group learning environments, and office settings have open-plans that encourage endless meetings (Walsh 42).
  3. In an article published recently in Time magazine, the author discusses how introverted people struggle to be successful in classrooms and business settings because these work environments are planned to enable students and employees to work in groups and participate in long business meetings. Often the amount and quality of a person’s work goes unnoticed compared to the person who speaks the loudest and produces the least.
  4. Sometimes introverted people struggle to be successful in classrooms and business settings because these work environments are planned to enable students and employees to work in groups and participate in long business meetings. Often the amount and quality of a person’s work goes unnoticed compared to the person who speaks the loudest and produces the least (Walsh 42).

Exercise \(\PageIndex{2}\)

Pretend that you have been assigned an essay to argue the virtues of an introverted personality. Consider and analyze the information below to include as possible support. To create a sense of balance in source material, evaluate whether the following excerpts would be more effective as quoted or paraphrased material. Check the box for either quote or paraphrase. Be prepared to share and explain your answer.

hints

  • Can the information be paraphrased without losing any of the value of the style or poignancy of the information?
  • Does the original wording of the information offer any special insight?
  • Does the information have ideas that would speak to the audience in a way that would make them understand the material better than a paraphrase?

 “Shyness is a form of anxiety characterized by inhibited behaviors. It also implies a fear of social judgment that can be crippling” (Walsh 40).

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“In schools, it’s the bolder kids who get attention from the teachers, while quiet children can too easily languish in the back of the classroom” (Walsh 42).

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“Introverts may be able to fit all their friends in a phone booth, but those relationships tend to be deep and rewarding” (Walsh 42).

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“And simply by virtue of their ability to sit still and focus, introverts find it easier to spend long periods in solitary work, which turns out to be the best way to come up with a fresh idea or master a skill” (Walsh 42).

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“There’s even a case to be made that introverted CEOs are the business leaders of the future” (Walsh 44-45)

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Exercise \(\PageIndex{3}\)

The passage below is taken from the same Time article written by Bryan Walsh. Explain why the passage is a good example of balancing and connecting his ideas with “backing.”

The very fact that introverts are more sensitive to their environment often means they’re fully aware that they appear out of step with the expectations of others, and they can easily internalize that criticism. Just about every adult introvert can remember being scolded, even if gently, for being too quiet as a kid. Anytime a teacher grades on participation, introverted kids will be at a disadvantage. There’s nothing wrong with parents’ nudging their shy children into the world, but there is something wrong if it’s more than a nudge. “You don’t want to break the kid by overwhelming their coping capacity,” says Jay Belsky, a psychologist at the University of California at Davis. “The key is sensitive encouragement.”

  1. How much of the paragraph is the author’s own words and ideas?
  2. What does the quote at the end add to the paragraph? 
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