# 3.7.9: Structure of dates

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Dates in Chinese follow the order "year, month, day." This is in keeping with the "from big to small" trend which pervades many facets of Chinese culture.

## Structure

Dates are arranged from largest unit to smallest: year, month, day.

x 年 + y 月 + z 日

So April 1st, 2019 is 201941日 (èr-líng-yī-jiǔ nián yuè rì).

Note that 号 (hào) is commonly used in spoken Mandarin instead of 日 (rì):

x 年 + y 月 + z 号

The above example becomes: 201941号 (èr-líng-yī-jiǔ nián yuè hào). In written Chinese, however, you will see 日 (rì) rather than 号 (hào).

## Examples

• 1868 1 18 Yī-bā-liù-bā niányuè shíbā hàoJanuary 18, 1868
• 1910 8 9 Yī-jiǔ-yī-líng niányuè jiǔ hàoAugust 9, 1910
• 2001 7 20 èr-líng-líng-yī niányuè èrshí July 20th, 2001
• 1 1 是 新年。Yīyuè shì Xīnnián.January 1st is New Year's Day.
• 12 24 是 平安夜。Shí-èryuè èrshí-sì shì Píng'ān Yè.December 24th is Christmas Eve.
• 10 1 我们 去 上海。Shíyuèhào wǒmen qù Shànghǎi.We will go to Shanghai on October 1st.
• 我 1990 7 出生。Wǒ Yī-jiǔ-jiǔ-líng niányuè chūshēng.I was born in July 1990.
• 你 的 生日 是 11 11 吗？Nǐ de shēngrì shì Shíyīyuè shíyī hào ma?Is your birthday November 11th?
• 我 2006 4 17 认识 了 他。Wǒ èr-líng-líng-liù niányuè shíqī hào rènshi le tā.I met him on April 17, 2006.
• 1980 9 4 我们 结婚 了。Yī-jiǔ-bā-líng nián Jiǔyuèhào wǒmen jiéhūn le.We got married on September 4th, 1980.