Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

1.5: Los demostrativos- adjetivos y pronombres

  • Page ID
    158549
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns

    Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns are used to point out the proximity of a noun in relation to the speaker.

    Demonstrative adjectives

    A demonstrative adjective is a word used with a noun in a sentence to point out how near or far it is from the speaker. Since nouns in Spanish have gender and number, these words also have gender and number to agree with the noun:

    SPEAKER Aquí - here: (closest to speaker) Allí - there: (further from speaker) Allá - over there: (furthest from speaker)
    Singular, masculine este libro - this book ese libro - that book aquel libro - that book over there
    Singular, feminine esta silla- this chair esa silla - that chair aquella silla - that chair over there
    Plural, masculine estos libros - these books esos libros - those books aquellos libros - those books over there
    Plural, feminine estas sillas - these chairs esas sillas - those chairs aquellas sillas - those chairs over there

    Note: the demonstrative adjective is in bold.

    Demonstrative pronouns

    Sometimes, when we've already mentioned the noun in our conversation, we don't need to repeat it again. For example:

    Q: "Which shirt do you like best?"

    A: "That one."

    In this example, it would be needlessly repetitive to say "That shirt"; we already know we're talking about shirts. In situations like these, we use demonstrative pronouns.

    A demonstrative pronoun is the word that replaces a demonstrative adjective + noun when it's already clear what we're talking about. They are the same in Spanish as the demonstrative adjectives:

    SPEAKER Aquí - here: (closest to speaker) Allí - there: (further from speaker) Allá - over there: (furthest from speaker)
    Singular, masculine este - this one ese - that one aquel - that one over there
    Singular, feminine esta - this one esa - that one aquella - that one over there
    Plural, masculine estos - these ones esos - those ones aquellos - those ones over there
    Plural, feminine estas - these ones esas - those ones aquellas - those ones over there

    Note: the demonstrative pronoun is in bold.

    OJO:

    Demonstrative pronouns have traditionally had an accent over the first "e" (e.g. "éste"; "ésos"; "aquélla"). However, the Real Academia Española, which controls the rules of the Spanish language, no longer requires the accent mark. You may see it written both ways.

    Neuter demonstrative pronouns

    The neuter demonstrative pronouns are used to point out a situation, idea, concept, or noun that is abstract and so doesn't have a gender. In this case, "nearness" to the speaker can instead refer to how personal or familiar something is.

    OJO:

    Do not confuse these with the singular masculine demonstrative pronouns, the ending is different.

    SPEAKER Aquí - here/personal: (closest to speaker) Allí - there/neither personal nor unfamiliar: (further from speaker) Allá - over there/unfamiliar: (furthest from speaker)
    Neuter esto: ¡Esto es muy interesante! eso: ¡Me gusta eso! aquello: ¿Qué es aquello?

    Note: the neuter demonstrative pronoun is in bold.

    Videolección

    By clicking on the icon below, you can hear a video lesson about demonstrative adjectives and pronouns.

    102clapper.png

    ¡A practicar!

    Actividad \(\PageIndex{1}\)
    Actividad \(\PageIndex{2}\)
    Actividad \(\PageIndex{3}\)
    Actividad \(\PageIndex{4}\)

    This page adapted from 5.5: Los demostrativos- adjetivos y pronombres and from 5.5.1: Práctica- Los demostrativos- adjetivos y pronombres by M. Barrio De Mendoza, K Gutiérrez, H.Ho, C. Lin, & A Stere Lugo through ASCCC Open Educational Resources Initiative, licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0 / Combination of two pages, slight rephrasing, reordering of exercises, correction of typographical errors, and addition of an example.


    1.5: Los demostrativos- adjetivos y pronombres is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

    • Was this article helpful?