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3.3.3: The Journey of the Salmon

  • Page ID
    47777
  • Oncorhynchus_nerka.flipped.jpg
    Sockeye salmon

    Reading Strategy

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    We can’t believe everything we read. In the last chapter, you learned about the difference between fact and opinion. Knowing whether the statements we read are facts or opinions helps us form our own ideas.

    Which of these statements are facts? Which are opinions?

    1. A fish farm is a place where fish are bred and raised for food. fact or opinion?
    2. Many salmon are bred in fish farms in British Columbia. fact or opinion?
    3. Salmon are tasty. fact or opinion?
    4. Fish farms should not be allowed in British Columbia. fact or opinion?
    Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

    Here are some statements about salmon

    Some are true and some are false. Predict whether each statement is true or false.

    5. Salmon act like food for trees. true or false?
    6. Salmon change colour at the end of their life. true or false?
    7. It is illegal to fish salmon in British Columbia. true or false?
    8. Salmon can leap up waterfalls. true or false?
    9. Salmon return to their birthplace to lay eggs and die. true or false?

    Word Attack Strategy

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    In the last chapter, you learned about syllables with the letter y. In this chapter, you will learn about r-controlled syllables.

    Word Patterns

    An r-controlled syllable is a syllable that has a vowel followed by the letter r. The r changes the vowel sound. The vowel sound is neither short nor long.

    Read these words:

    • her
    • bird
    • burn

    The –er, –ir, and –ur in the middle of these words all make the same sound. That means there are three ways to spell this sound: –er, –ir, and –ur. The –er is the most common.

    The letters –ar can make many sounds. For now, think of their sound as the one you hear in car.

    The letters –or can also make many sounds. For now, think of their sound as the one you hear in horn.

    Practice reading these words

    her

    serve

    nerve

    fern

    bird

    first

    shirt

    birth

    skirt

    burst

    burn

    nurse

    surf

    curl

    park

    farm

    arm

    far

    harm

    horn

    thorn

    pork

    storm

    short

    corn

    Remember, an r-controlled syllable has the letters –er, –ir, –ur, –ar, or –or.

    Examples

    Ginger: The second syllable – ger – has the letters –er so it is r-controlled.
    charming: The first syllable – charm – has the letters –ar so it is r-controlled.
    morning: The first syllable – morn – has the letters –or so it is r-controlled.

    Underline the r-controlled syllable in each word

    1. water 2. forest 3. over 4. starting
    5. farming 6. river 7. return

    Use Your Strategies

    Read The Journey of the Salmon. You’ll see if your predictions are right. You will also come across many words with r-controlled vowels in bold.

    Check Your Understanding

    Look to see whether each statement is true or false

    Then look back at your predictions. Did anything surprise you?

    My guess The text says
    1. Salmon act like food for trees. true or false? true or false?
    2. Salmon change colour at the end of their life. true or false? true or false?
    3. It is illegal to fish salmon in British Columbia. true or false? true or false?
    4. Salmon can leap up waterfalls. true or false? true or false?
    5. Salmon return to their birthplace to lay eggs and die. true or false? true or false?

    Seeing both sides

    People have different opinions about fish farms. Some people support fish farms. Others do not. Ask your instructor for the Seeing Both Sides sheet, or open and print one from the link.

    Enter this question in the top box: Should people in British Columbia be allowed to farm salmon?

    6. Use the good things about fish farms to fill in the Yes side.

    7. Use the bad things about fish farms to fill in the No side.

    Make your mind up. Write your answer to the question on the bottom line.

    Seeing-Both-Sides.jpg

    Ask your instructor to check your work.

    Grammar

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    Look at these sentences from The Journey of the Salmon:

    • Fish farmers are keeping wild salmon safe from overfishing.
    • They are making jobs for people.

    These sentences are written using the continuous present tense.

    Grammar Rule

    To write a verb in continuous present:

    1. Begin with am, is, or are.

    2. Add your verb.

    3. Add an –ing ending to your verb.

    The continuous present tense is used to talk about events that are happening right now.

    Underline the continuous present verbs

    Below are some more examples from the reading.

    1. A few communities are building fish farms on land, rather than in the ocean.

    2. They are using closed tanks, rather than nets and cages.

    3. Fish farms are spreading sea lice.

    4. The drugs that fish farmers give the salmon are harming other sea life.

    Now watch this news clip about the return of salmon.

    Underline the verbs

    Here are some sentences from the news clip. They are written in many tenses — simple past, simple present, and continuous present.

    5. Lives are beginning — and are ending — on the Adams River in Kamloops.

    6. This year is a high point in the sockeye salmon cycle.

    7. Once they were just eggs in this river bottom.

    8. Now they are returning home.

    9. They are dying because they are so old.

    10. I saw a dead one on the beach.

    11. This is a male and this is a female.

    12. Every four years, a large push of fish comes in.

    13. Five years ago, it was a different story.

    14. Only some fish arrived.

    Try this

    Which of the above sentences use continuous present tense?

    Choose one of your favourite places in the world. For example, you might choose a lake or a city or your kitchen. Describe what is happening there right now using continuous present. Think of at least three things.

    Example: In Snug Cove, the otters are swimming. The boats are bobbing in the water. The seagulls are resting on the dock.

    Ask your instructor to check your work.

    Writing

    Writing Task

    AUDIO-1-BT-44x44.pngWrite a poem in continuous present tense. Use this sentence frame again and again. Pick a new subject and verb for each line.

    Somewhere in British Columbia, a_________ is __________-ing.

    Examples:

    Somewhere in British Columbia, a cedar tree is touching the stars.

    Somewhere in British Columbia, a mountain is being climbed.

    Somewhere in British Columbia, we are laughing in the rain.

    Would you like to find an interesting synonym for any of your words?

    1. If yes, ask your instructor for a thesaurus.
    2. Check your spelling and grammar carefully.
    3. Hand your poem in to your instructor.

    Answer Key

    Reading Strategy
    QUESTION ANSWER
    1 fact
    2 fact
    3 opinion
    4 opinion
    Word Attack Strategy
    QUESTION ANSWER
    1 water
    2 forest
    3 over
    4 starting
    5 farming
    6 river
    7 return
    QUESTION ANSWER
    Check Your Understanding
    QUESTION ANSWER
    1 true
    2 true
    3 false
    4 true
    5 true
    6 Under Yes
    • Fish farms are keeping wild salmon safe from overfishing.
    • Fish farms are making jobs for people.
    7 Under No
    • Fish farms are spreading sea lice.
    • The drugs that fish farmers give the salmon are harming other sea life.
    • Seals and sea lions are getting stuck in the nets.
    Grammar
    QUESTION ANSWER
    1 A few communities are building fish farms on land, rather than in the ocean.
    2 They are using closed tanks, rather than nets and cages.
    3 Fish farms are spreading sea lice.
    4 The drugs that fish farmers give the salmon are harming other sea life.
    5 Lives are beginning – and lives are ending – on the Adams River in Kamloops.
    6 This year is a high point in the sockeye salmon cycle.
    7 Once they were just eggs in this river bottom.
    8 Now they are returning home.
    9 They are dying because they are so old.
    10 I saw a dead one on the beach.
    11 This is a male and this is a female.
    12 Every four years, a large push of fish comes in.
    13 Five years ago, it was a different story.
    14 Only some fish arrived.
    The sentences that use continuous present tense are 5, 8, and 9.

    Attributions

    Sockeye salmon by Epipelagic is in the public domain.

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