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Pretérito vs. imperfecto

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    Contraste: perfectivo o imperfectivo

    Práctica 40A (§40)

    Traducción al inglés
    0. Yesterday the phone rang when I sat / was about to sit to have breakfast.  1. They went / were going to the market, they came back to get the shopping list.  2. S/he started reading the book and liked / was liking it...  3. I saw you when I went / was going up the stairs.  4. They were nervous and didn't know / weren't sure what to answer.  5. I opened the door but the dog refused / didn't want to get in.  6. The house was pretty.  7. The city was in ruins.

    Narración: la llamada

    Práctica 40B (§40)

    Traducción al inglés
    1. On Sunday, while I was watching a documentary comfortably, the phone rang. 2. It was Jorge, my boss. He told me he needed some advice. 3. On hearing his voice, I felt impacience, because I wanted to keep watching TV. 4. But I listened patiently everything he had to tell me. 5. When at last we finished the conversation, it was already five in the afternoon. 6. So I decided to go out for a while, because the afternoon was cool. 7. I walked for almost two hours and, when I returned home, it was time for dinner. 8. That's why I didn't finish the show I was watching when my esteemed boss called me.

    Narración: la corbata

    Práctica 40C (§40)

    Traducción al inglés
    1. For his birthday, his girlfriend gave him a necktie, but it was out of fashion. 2. The next day he decided to return it because he wanted a more modern one. 3. So, he went to the store and, while he was talking to the clerk, 4. he saw his girlfriend was coming down the hall. 5. Since he didn't want to offend her, he told her that 6. he was buying another one that looked the same because that one was extremely beautiful. 7. And this was how he ended up with two neckties he didn't like.

    Poder, saber, querer: un viaje a Bogotá

    Práctica 40D (§40)

    Traducción al inglés
    (1) I didn't know anything about Colombia before, but last December (2) I traveled to Bogotá and (3) learned a lot about the country. During my visit, (4) I became familiar with several shopping malls (for the first time), dancing clubs, universities, and huge parks. I also (5) managed to see original works by Fernando Botero –the famous artist who paints voluminous shapes–. On our last day, a tourist guide (6) told me that (7) I could not leave without seeing the Gold Museum, and immediately (8) I decided to visit it. Fortunately, that same afternoon (9) we managed to go to the museum. (10) There were impressing gold pieces elaborated by the Muisca culture, the indigenous group from that region. We also (11) learned that the Muiscas always (12) refused to reveal the secret of El Dorado –the legendary golden city– to the Spaniards, who (13) failed to find it at all. Paradoxically, Colombians (14) gave the capital's international airport the name of "Eldorado". Thanks to this trip, (15) I learned that Bogotá is a very modern city with a rich history.

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