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Humanities LibreTexts

Accessibility Information

  • Page ID
    92303
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    Accessibility Considerations

    As part of providing an accessible text, the authors have used several techniques to support all learners, including users of assistive technology.

    • Content is organized with headings.
    • Lists are used for examples and to emphasize content.
    • Data tables are used to present verb conjugations and other grammatical examples.
      • Tables include meaningful captions.
      • Tables are labeled with column and row headers, depending on the content.
    • When "bold" text is used for emphasis, the purpose is described in the text.
      • Before "bold" is used, it is described in the text so users of screen reading software can turn on the feature that announces changes in font styles.
    • Meaningful images include alt text and captions while complex images are completely described in the page text.

    General Accessibility Concerns

    Page Language

    LibreTexts does not currently support setting the page language to Spanish.

    • Screen reading software may not recognize the correct language for all types of content in the text.
    • Some English content may be mispronounced as Spanish language content, including
      • heading levels
      • "bold" text
      • table captions
      • image captions.

    Activities

    The interactive activities are H5P content which is different than LibreTexts.  These activities do not currently support any language setting other than English.  Users of screen reading software may have a better experience by changing the synthesizer language to Spanish.  This will allow the screen reading software to pronounce the activities as Spanish language content.

    JAWS with ¡Naveguemos Juntos!

    JAWS Language

    Users may find that JAWS pronounces Spanish language content more consistently by setting the JAWS language to Spanish.  This involves two steps.

    Turn off JAWS Automatic Language Detection

    1. Open the ¡Naveguemos Juntos! page in the browser of your choice.
    2. Type the JAWS Key + v to open the Quick Settings dialog box.
    3. Type "language detect".
    4. Type F6. JAWS should announce "Language Detect Change check box checked" if the setting is turned on.
    5. Type the space bar to uncheck the option and turn off the automatic language detection.
    6. If the check box is already unchecked, you do not need to change the setting.
    7. Type Enter to close the JAWS Quick Settings dialog box.

    Set the JAWS Language to Spanish

    1. Type Windows Key + CTRL + L to open the Select a Language dialog box.
    2. Choose a Spanish language option, such as Spanish (Mexico).
    3. Type Enter to close the Select a Language dialog box.

    Known Issues for JAWS and Chrome with ¡Naveguemos Juntos!

    • JAWS announces image caption text twice, the first time when initially navigating to the figure, then a second time after reading the image alt text.
      • Both times the image caption is announced with incorrect English pronunciation.
    • JAWS announces table caption text twice, once with incorrect pronunciation and once with correct pronunciation.
    • JAWS does not pronounce Spanish language hyperlinks correctly.
      • After reading a hyperlink, JAWS mispronounces the rest of the Spanish language content in a paragraph.
    • JAWS announces list structure information in English instead of Spanish.
      • The list structure information is pronounced correctly in English.
    • JAWS mispronounces some punctuation in Spanish language content, such as "colon" in headings.
    • JAWS announces heading levels in English but mispronounces the information as Spanish language content when navigating by heading level.
    • JAWS correctly pronounces heading levels in English when navigating with JAWS reading keys.
    • JAWS does not read content consistently when the software feature to announce "bold" text is enabled.
    • JAWS correctly pronounces "bold" in English instead of announcing it in Spanish ("en negrita").
      • After announcing some "bold" text, JAWS mispronounces the rest of the Spanish language content in a paragraph.

    Known Issues for JAWS and FireFox with ¡Naveguemos Juntos!

    • JAWS announces image caption text twice, the first time when initially navigating to the figure, then a second time after reading the image alt text.
      • The first time the caption is announced with incorrect English pronunciation.
      • The second time the caption is announced with correct Spanish pronunciation.
    • JAWS mispronounces the table caption as a label for the table.
      • The table caption text is pronounced correctly as Spanish language content.
    • JAWS does not pronounce Spanish language hyperlinks correctly.
      • After reading a hyperlink, JAWS mispronounces the rest of the Spanish language content in a paragraph.
    • JAWS announces list structure information in English instead of Spanish.
      • The list structure information is pronounced correctly in English.
    • JAWS mispronounces some punctuation in Spanish language content, such as "colon" in headings.
    • JAWS announces heading levels in English but mispronounces the information as Spanish language content when navigating by heading level.
    • JAWS correctly pronounces heading levels in English when navigating with JAWS reading keys.
    • JAWS does not read content consistently when the software feature to announce "bold" text is enabled.
      • Some "bold" text is not recognized by JAWS.
    • JAWS correctly pronounces "bold" in English instead of announcing it in Spanish ("en negrita").
      • After announcing some "bold" text, JAWS mispronounces the rest of the Spanish language content in a paragraph.

    NVDA with ¡Naveguemos Juntos!

    Known Issues for NVDA and Chrome with ¡Naveguemos Juntos!

    • NVDA announces list structure information in English instead of Spanish.
      • The list structure information is mispronounced in English.
    • NVDA announces table captions twice.
    • NVDA announces table column and row headers twice.
      • "Column" and "row" are announced in English but mispronounced in Spanish.
    • NVDA announces heading levels in English but mispronounces the information as Spanish language content.
    • NVDA moves the focus to the "Page settings" button unexpectedly.
      • When reading a paragraph that contains a hyperlink, navigating with Tab moves to the "Page settings" button instead of the next hyperlink on the page.

    Known Issues for NVDA and Firefox with ¡Naveguemos Juntos!

    • NVDA announces list structure information in English instead of Spanish.
      • The list structure information is mispronounced in English.
    • NVDA announces table captions twice.
    • NVDA announces table "column" and "row" information in English but mispronounces it as Spanish language content.
    • NVDA announces heading levels in English but mispronounces the information as Spanish language content.
    • NVDA moves the focus to the "Contents" button unexpectedly.
      • When reading a paragraph that contains a hyperlink, tab moves to the "Contents" button instead of the next hyperlink on the page.