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7.3: Verbos Regulares

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    Verbos Regulares

    In Spanish, regular verbs follow a similar pattern when they are conjugated in the present tense. They are distinguished by their ending (-ar, -er and -ir) in the infinitive (unconjugated form). Verbs are composed of two parts: the stem and the ending. For example, in the infinitive (the unconjugated form) the verb hablar (to speak) is made up of the stem (habl-) and the ending (-ar).

    habl ar
    stem ending

    The stem is the verb’s main part, it generally remains unchanged as it conveys the meaning. The ending, for its part, will change to indicate the subject who is performing the action and the verb tense (past, present or future).

    -AR Verbs

    To conjugate the verb, the first step is to drop the infinitive ending (-ar) and add the ending that is specific to the subject.

    verb stem + new ending (o, as, a, amos, áis, an).

    Drag the Words
    Query \(\PageIndex{1}\)

    Hablar (to speak)

    Table 7.2. Hablar Conjugations.
    Person Spanish English
    Yo hablo I speak
    hablas You speak
    Él/ella habla He/she speak
    Usted habla You speak (formal)
    Nosotros hablamos We speak
    Vosotros habláis You speak (informal plural, Spain only)
    Ellos/ellas hablan They speak
    Ustedes hablan You speak (formal/informal plural)

    -ER and -IR Verbs

    As you saw before, to conjugate the verb the first step is to drop the infinitive ending and add the ending that is specific to the subject. Please note, the endings for -er and -ir verbs are the same, except for nosotros and vosotros.

    ER verbs: stem + new ending (o, es, e, emos, éis, en)

    IR verbs: stem + new ending (o, es, e, imos, is, en).

    Comer (to eat)

    Table 7.3. Comer Conjugations.
    Person Spanish English
    Yo como I eat
    comes You eat
    Él/ella come He/she eats
    Usted come You eat (formal)
    Nosotros comemos We eat
    Vosotros coméis You eat (informal plural, Spain only)
    Ellos/ellas comen They eat
    Ustedes comen You eat (formal/informal plural)

    Vivir (to live)

    Table 7.4. Vivir Conjugations.
    Person Spanish English
    Yo vivo I live
    vives You live
    Él/ella vive He/she lives
    Usted vive You live (formal)
    Nosotros vivimos We live
    Vosotros vivís You live (informal plural, Spain only)
    Ellos/ellas viven They live
    Ustedes viven You live (formal/informal plural)


    In Spanish, to negate an affirmative sentence or to write a negative sentence no is placed before the conjugated verb.

    Yo no hablo japonés.

    I don’t speak Japanese.

    This section includes content derived from Introduction to French (2nd ed.), originally released under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0, Liberté, originally released under CC BY-NC-SA, and Tex’s French Grammar, originally released under CC BY 3.0.

    This page titled 7.3: Verbos Regulares is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rita Palacios via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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