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6.7: The Verb Estar

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    The Verb Estar

    The verb estar (to be) is a regular verb in the present tense. Unlike the verb ser, which is typically used to describe inherent characteristics, estar is generally used to talk about conditions that are subject to change.

    Table 6.4. The Verb Estar Examples.
    Verb Spanish English
    SER La profesora es muy estricta. The professor (she) is very strict.
    ESTAR La profesora está muy ocupada. The professor (she) is very busy.


    Table 6.5. Estar Conjugations with Singular Person.
    Verb Spanish English
    1st person Yo estoy I am
    2nd person Tú estás You are
    3rd person Él está
    Ella está
    Usted está
    He/it is
    She/it is
    You (formal) are


    Table 6.6. Estar Conjugations with Plural Person.
    Person Spanish English
    1st person Nosotros estamos I am
    2nd person Vosotros estáis You are (informal, Spain)
    3rd person Ellos están
    Ellas están
    Ustedes están
    They (masc.) are
    They (fem.) are
    You are

    Ejercicio 7

    Fill in the Blanks
    Query \(\PageIndex{1}\)

    Adjectives with Estar

    As you may have noticed, the adjectives in the previous exercise denote emotional, mental, physical states or conditions that are subject to change. Remember that in Spanish adjectives must agree in both number (singular or plural) and gender (masculine or feminine) with the noun or pronoun they modify.

    Table 6.8. Adjectives with Estar.
    aburrido(a) bored
    contento(a) happy
    enamorado(a) in love
    enfermo(a) sick
    enojado(a) angry, mad
    estresado(a) stressed
    nervioso(a) nervous
    ocupado(a) occupied, busy
    preocupado(a) preoccupied, worried
    triste sad

    Ejercicio 8: ¿Cómo está?

    Query \(\PageIndex{2}\)

    Estar with Locations

    Estar can also be used to describe where something or someone is located.


    Conestoga College está en Kitchener. Conestoga College is in Kitchener.

    Ejercicio 9: ¿Dónde está?

    Write a few sentences describing the location of each of the places in the list. Please note, you may have to do a bit of research. Follow the example below.

    1. Conestoga College

    Conestoga College está en Kitchener. Kitchener está en Ontario. Ontario está en Canadá. Canadá está en Norteamérica. Conestoga College is in Kitchener. Kitchener is in Ontario. Ontario is in Canada. Canada is in North America.

    1. El Zócalo
    2. Machu Picchu
    3. El lago Atitlán
    4. El desierto de Atacama
    5. La Patagonia

    Ser versus Estar

    The verbs ser and estar both mean to be in English. The difference between the two lies in their use. While ser is generally used to describe inherent qualities, estar is generally used to talk about conditions or states that are subject to change. The charts below summarize their main uses.


    Table 6.10. Ser Uses with Examples.
    Use Example
    Inherent qualities Luis es inteligente. Luis is intelligent.
    Origin Yo soy de Nicaragua. I am from Nicaragua.
    Occupations Sofía es enfermera. Sofía is a nurse.
    Time/date Son las ocho de la mañana. It’s 8am.
    Es el martes 14 de enero. It’s Tuesday, January 14.
    Events El evento es en el auditorio. The event is in the auditorium.


    Table 6.11. Estar Uses with Examples.
    Use Example
    Mental, emotional, or physical state or condition (Yo) estoy muy ocupada hoy. I am very busy today.
    Location Los estudiantes están en la cafetería. The students are in the cafeteria.

    This page titled 6.7: The Verb Estar is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rita Palacios via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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