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9.1.1: G.1.1- Numbers (los números)

  • Page ID
    234203
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    Cardinal Numbers

    Cardinal numbers are the numbers we use to count (i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc.).

    1. The spelling of uno changes depending on the gender of the noun it modifies. Uno is spelled un before a masculine noun and una before a feminine noun.
      Ejemplo(s):
      --un ejemplo (m.)
      an example

      --
      una pregunta (f.)
      a question
      1. Mil (1,000) is not pluralized when it is part of a specific number. Millón is pluralized.
        Ejemplo(s):
        --veinte mil, cien mil
        twenty thousand, one hundred thousand

        --
        dos mil dólares ($2,000)
        two thousand dollars

        --
        --dos millones de dólares ($2,000,000)
        two million dollars
      2. Mil may be used in the plural in more general statements.
        Ejemplo(s):
        --Miles de personas visitan 'El Parque de la Amistad' en Tijuana.
        Thousands of people visit 'El Parque de la Amistad' in Tijuana.
    2. Numbers 16 to 29 are commonly written as one word or as two words connected by "y" (and). An accent is added to the one-word spelling of 16, 22, 23 and 26.
      Ejemplo(s):
      16 = dieciséisé
      17 = diecisiete
      21 = veintiuno
      22 = veintidós
      23 = vientitrés
      26 = veiniséis
      1. Cien is used for the number 100 and before all nouns.
      2. To say 101, 102-199, the form ciento is used.
        Ejemplo(s):
        --ciento uno, ciento dos, ciento noventa y nueve.
      3. When plural (200-999) an -os or -as is added depending on the gender of the noun.
        Spanish English
        Cien 100 or one hundred
        Cien dólares 100 dollars
        Cien páginas 100 pages
        Ciento un dólares 101 dollars
        Doscientos dólares 200 dollars
        Doscientas páginas 200 pages
    3. Spanish uses “.” (points) and “,” (commas) differently than English does. Points are used where one would expect a comma in English and vice versa.
      Spanish English
      1.000 (mil) 1,000 (one thousand)
      1.000.000 (un millón) 1,000,000 (one million)
      86,5% 86.5%
      “ochenta y seis con 5 por ciento” “eighty six point five percent”

    Numbers 0 - 2.000.000

    0 cero

     

    10 diez

     

    20 veinte

     

    30 treinta

     

    1 uno

     

    11 once

     

    21 veintiuno

     

    31 treinta y uno not available
    2 dos

     

    12 doce

     

    22 veintidós

     

    32 treinta y dos

     

    3 tres

     

    13 trece

     

    23 veintitrés

     

    33 treinta y tres

     

    4 cuatro

     

    14 catorce

     

    24 venticuatro

     

    34 treinta y cuatro

     

    5 cinco

     

    15 quince

     

    25 veinticinco

     

    35 treinta y cinco

     

    6 seis

     

    16 dieciséis

     

    26 veintiséis

     

    36 treinta y seis

     

    7 siete

     

    17 diecisiete

     

    27 veintisiete

     

    37 treinta y siete

     

    8 ocho

     

    18 dieciocho

     

    28 veintiocho

     

    38 treinta y ocho

     

    9 nueve

     

    19 diecinueve

     

    29 veintinueve 39 treinta y nueve

     

    10 diez

     

    100 cien

     

    1.000 mil

     

    10.000 diez mil

     

    20 veinte

     

    200 doscientos

     

    2.000 dos mil

     

    20.000 veinte mil

     

    30 treinta

     

    300 trescientos

     

    3.000 tres mil

     

    30.000 treinta mil

     

    40 cuarenta

     

    400 cuatrocientos

     

    4.000 cuatro mil

     

    40.000 cuarenta mil

     

    50 cincuenta

     

    500 quinientos

     

    5.000 cinco mil

     

    50.000 cincuenta mil

     

    60 sesenta

     

    600 seiscientos

     

    6.000 seis mil

     

    60.000 sesenta mil

     

    70 setenta

     

    700 setecientos

     

    7.000 siete mil

     

    70.000 setenta mil

     

    80 ochenta

     

    800 ochocientos

     

    8.000 ocho mil

     

    80.000 ochenta mil

     

    90 noventa

     

    900 novecientos

     

    9.000 nueve mil

     

    90.000 noventa mil

     

    1.000.000 un millón

     

    2.000.000 dos millones

     

    Ordinal Numbers

    Ordinal numbers are adjectives that we use to rank things, name streets, etc. (i.e. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, etc.). The last letter of ordinal numbers is variable so that it agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies (like all adjectives). However, the "o" is dropped before masculine nouns for 1st and 3rd (primer párrafo, tercer párrafo). Ordinal numbers are rarely used beyond 10 in Spanish.

    Número Ordinal Spanish English
    • El problema (m.)
    • La solución (f.)
    • The problem
    • The solution
    1st

     

    Primero

    • el primer problema
    • la primera solución
    • the first problem
    • the first solution
    2nd

     

    Segundo

    • el segundo problema
    • la segunda solución
    • the second problem
    • the second solution
    3rd

     

    Tercero

    • el tercer problema
    • la tercera solución
    • the third problem
    • the third solution
    4th

     

    Cuarto

    • el cuarto problema
    • la cuarta solución
    • the fourth problem
    • the fourth solution
    5th

     

    Quinto

    • el quinto problema
    • la quinta solución
    • the fifth problem
    • the fifth solution
    6th

     

    Sexto

    • el sexto problema
    • la sexta solución
    • the sixth problem
    • the sixth solution
    7th

     

    Séptimo

    • el séptimo problema
    • la séptima solución
    • the seventh problem
    • the seventh solution
    8th

     

    Octavo

    • el octavo problema
    • la octava solución
    • the eighth problem
    • the eighth solution
    9th

     

    Noveno

    • el noveno problema
    • la novena solución
    • the ninth problem
    • the ninth solution
    10th 10º

     

    Décimo

    • el décimo problema
    • la décima solución
    • the tenth problem
    • the tenth solution

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