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2.41: Lição 21

  • Page ID
    55170
    • Severino J. Albuquerque, Mary H. Schil, & Claude E. Leroy
    • Department of Spanish & Portuguese at UW-Madison

    Lesson Objectives- Objetivos da Lição

    Lição 21 presents:

    • the formation and usage of the future subjunctive and
    • new vocabulary.

    After completing this lesson, the student will be able to:

    • recognize and produce forms of verbs in the future subjunctive.
    • differentiate between contexts that require the future subjunctive versus the future indicative tense.

    Grammar- Gramática

    The future subjunctive – O futuro do subjuntivo

    This tense is formed by dropping the –ram from the third person plural of the preterite and adding the following endings:

    falar = falaram beber = beberam repetir = repetiram
    falar beber repetir
    falar beber repetir
    falarmos bebermos repetirmos
    falarem beberem repetirem
         

    Note that every verb that is irregular in the preterite will also be irregular in the future subjunctive. For example:

    ser/ir = foram dizer = disserem saber = souber pôr = puseram querer = quiser
    for disser souber puser quiser
    for disser souber puser quiser
    formos dissermos soubermos pusermos quisermos
    forem disserem souberem puserem quiserem
    21.1 Practice – Prática

    Query \(\PageIndex{21.1 A.}\)

    Query \(\PageIndex{21.1 B.}\)

    Uses of the future subjunctive – Usos do futuro do subjuntivo

    The future subjunctive is used in a dependent temporal adverbial clause to express a hypothetical future action or state introduced by:

    QUANDO [when]
    Falaremos com eles quando chegarem. [We’ll talk to them when they arrive.]
    ASSIM QUE / LOGO QUE [as soon as]
    Abriremos as janelas assim que parar de chover. [We’ll open the windows as soon as it stops raining.]
    Logo que ele me der as passagens farei as malas. [As soon as he gives me the tickets, I’ll pack.]
    ENQUANTO [while, as long as]
    Não poderemos trabalhar muito enquanto eles estiverem aqui. [We won’t be able to get a lot done while they are here.]
    DEPOIS QUE [after]
    Depois que eu escrever a carta, levarei ao correio. [After I write the letter, I’ll take it to the post office.]
    SEMPRE QUE [whenever, every time that]
    Sempre que você quiser, eu sairei com você. [I’ll go out with you whenever you want.]

    *Notice that English uses the present tense in these dependent adverbial clauses whereas Portuguese requires the future subjunctive.

    The future subjunctive is used in conditional clauses introduced by se [if] when the action of the sentence is projected into the future.

    Se formos em junho, João nos acompanhará. [If we go in June, João will accompany us.]
    Se houver tempo, vamos fazer compras. [If there is time, we are going to go shopping.]

    When the result (or independent) clause indicates habitual action, no subjunctive is used in the if clause, since no condition is implied. In this case, the word se can be translated as whenever or if.

    Se temos pressa, tomamos um táxi. [Whenever we are in a hurry, we take a cab.]
    Se chove, levo um guarda-chuva. [If it rains, I take an umbrella along with me.]

    *It is important to remember that in Portuguese if is never followed by the present subjunctive.

    If the main verb of the sentence refers to future time, the future subjunctive is used in dependent clauses introduced by one of the following:

    como [however, as]
    Faça como você quiser. [Do as/however you wish.]
    o que [whatever]
    Comprarei o que encontrar. [I’ll buy whatever I can find.]
    (a)onde [wherever]
    Irei aonde vocês mandarem. [I’ll go wherever you send me.]
    quanto [whatever, however much; many]
    Vamos pagar quanto nos cobrarem. [We’ll pay whatever/however much they charge.]
    quem [whoever, whomever]
    Você pode entregar o pacote a quem atender a porta. [You can give the package to whoever answers the door.]
    21.2 Practice – Prática

    21.2 A. Complete as orações abaixo usando as sugestões dadas à direita.

    Eu irei ao clube, if she goes with me.
    Eu irei ao clube, se ela for comigo.

    1. Farei uma viagem no mês que vem, if I can.
    2. Ari não irá ao Recife amanhã, if he doesn’t receive his check.
    3. Eu comprarei o vinho, if you give me the money.
    4. O ladrão roubará tudo, if you leave the car doors open.
    5. Não terei que levantar-me cedo, if I do everything tonight.
    6. Não poderemos ver a exposição, if the museum is closed.

    21.2 B. De acordo com o modelo, junte as duas orações, começando com logo que…:

    O telefone toca. Eu vou atender.
    Logo que o telefone tocar, eu vou atender.

    1. O advogado me pergunta. Eu direi a verdade.
    2. Nós chegamos do supermercado. Eu vou começar a cozinhar.
    3. Nós sabemos o horário do museu. Vamos planejar o passeio.
    4. Tenho tempo. Eu lhe farei uma visita.
    5. Ouço a campainha. Sairei da sala.
    6. O assaltante exige o dinheiro. Vou entregá-lo.

    21.2 C. Responda às seguintes perguntas, usando nas suas respostas o que está sugerido à direita:

    O que você fará enquanto eles estiverem aqui? Ficar com eles.
    – Eu ficarei com eles, enquanto eles estiverem aqui.

    1. Com quem irá se você for ao cinema hoje à noite? Com Marisa
    2. O que ele comprará se tiver dinheiro? Um novo paletó
    3. O que você fará assim que se formar? Procurar um emprego
    4. O que o Lula fará quando souber disso? Ficar por conta
    5. Aonde nós iremos se elas nos convidarem? A um restaurante
    6. O que farão depois que o jogo terminar? Jogar cartas

    Vocabulary – Vocabulário

    • o/a assaltante [robber]

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    • o assalto [robbery, mugging]

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    • a arte [art]

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    • a cobra[snake]

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    • a diária [daily rate]

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    • o guichê [box office, window]

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    • o horário [schedule]

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    • o horário de atendimento [office hours]

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    • o jardim [garden]

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    • o jardim zoológico [zoo]

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    • o ladrão, a ladra [thief]

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    • o/a milionário, -a [millionaire]

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    • o museu [museum]

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    • a opinião [opinion]

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    • a pesquisa [research]

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    • a variedade[variety]

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    Verbs – Verbos

    • adorar [to like very much]

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    • aproveitar [to enjoy, take advantage of]

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    • aproveitar-se (de)[to take advantage of, exploit]

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    • assaltar [to rob, mug]

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    • estar certo/a [to be right]

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    • cobrar[to charge]

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    • manter[to maintain, keep]

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      mantenho mantemos
      mantém mantêm
    • pedir emprestado [to borrow]

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    • pesquisar[to research]

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    • roubar [to steal]

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    • supor (suponho) [to suppose]

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    • ter/estar com inveja [to envy]

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    • ter/estar com preguiça [to be or feel lazy]

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    • ter/estar com razão [to be right]

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    Expressions – Expressões

    • não só… como [not only… but]

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    • estar duro/liso/sem grana [to be broke]

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    • Não deixe de (+ inf.)[Be sure to…]

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    • Deixe de (+ inf. or noun) [Stop, quit…]

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    • Imagine só! [Just imagine!]

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    21.3 Practice- Prática

    Query \(\PageIndex{21.3 A.}\)

    21.3 B. Traduza:

    1. Do as I say!
    2. Just imagine! It’s Monday and I’m broke already.
    3. Give what you can!
    4. No matter how hard I try, I’m always wrong.
    5. Be sure to take advantage of this opportunity.
    6. Call me as soon as you get home.

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