Skip to main content
Humanities LibreTexts

2.39: Lição 20

  • Page ID
    55168
    • Severino J. Albuquerque, Mary H. Schil, & Claude E. Leroy
    • UW-Madison
    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    Lesson Objectives- Objetivos da Lição

    Lição 20 presents:

    • the formation and usage of the subjunctive in adjective clauses
    • the use of the construction quem… dera to express fervent wishes and
    • new vocabulary.

    After completing this lesson, the student will be able to:

    • use the subjunctive tense in adjective clauses.
    • use quem… dera to express desires.

    Grammar – Gramática

    The subjunctive in adjective clauses – O subjuntivo em orações adjetivas

    The subjunctive is used in adjective clauses following an indefinite antecedent (one not identified in the speaker’s mind).

    Procuro um homem que saiba falar chinês. [I’m looking for a man (any man) who knows how to speak Chinese.]
    Queremos visitar um zoológico que seja interessante. [We want to visit a zoo (any zoo) that is interesting.]
    BUT
    Conheço um homem que sabe falar chinês. [I know a man (a certain man) who knows how to speak English.]
    Visitei um zoológico que era interessante. [I visited a zoo (a certain zoo) that was interesting.]

    The subjunctive is used in adjective clauses following a negative or non-existent antecedent.

    Não conheço ninguém que queira fazer isso. [I don’t know anyone who wants to do that.]
    Não vemos nada que custe menos de dez dólares. [We don’t see anything that costs less than ten dollars.]
    BUT
    Conheço alguém que quer fazer isso. [I know someone who wants to do that.]
    Vejo alguma coisa que custa menos de dez dólares. [I see something that costs less than ten dollars.]

    The subjunctive is used in adjective clauses introduced by whoever, whatever, however (no matter how) much, however (no matter how) little.

    Quem quer que seja, diga-lhe que espere. [Whoever it is, tell him/her to wait.]
    Qualquer coisa que façam, fazem bem. [Whatever they do, they do it well.]
    Por muito que tenha que fazer, sempre faz sem queixar-se. [No matter how much he/she has to do, he/she always does it without complaining.]
    Por menos que ela trabalhe, sempre tem dinheiro. [No matter how little she works, she always has money.]
    20.1 Practice- Prática

    20.1 A. Responda às seguintes perguntas, usando nenhum, –a ou ninguém na sua resposta.

    Há alguma pessoa aqui que dirija bem? Não. Não há nenhuma pessoa aqui que dirija bem.

    1. Você vê alguma pessoa que possa ajudá-lo?
    2. Vocês conhecem alguém que queira comprar um violão?
    3. Há alguém aqui que saiba escrever em francês?
    4. Sua irmã quer encontrar um apartamento que fique no centro?
    5. Você quer escolher um presente que custe muito?
    6. Marina procura um emprego que dê dor de cabeça?

    The more/less… the more/less – Quanto mais/menos… mais/menos

    These correlatives require a change in word order in Portuguese just as they do in English. The examples below illustrate the correct sequences:

    Quanto mais você dorme, mais quer dormir. [The more you sleep, the more you want to sleep.]
    Quanto menos exercício faz, mais irritado fica. [The less exercise you get, the more irritated you become.]
    Quanto melhor o vinho, mais caro custa. [The better the wine, the more expensive it is.]
    Quanto mais rápido você dirige, mais perigo corre. [The faster you drive, the greater the danger.]
    20.2 Practice- Prática

    20.2 A. Junte as orações seguintes usando a construção quanto mais… menos.

    Eu falo. Ele presta atenção.
    Quanto mais eu falo, menos atenção ele presta.

    1. Você toma café. Você tem sono.
    2. As lições são fáceis. André tem dificuldade.
    3. Elói se esforça. Ele consegue lembrar.
    4. Eliane viaja. Gosta de ficar em casa.
    5. Temos trabalho para fazer. Podemos ver televisão.
    6. Há feriados. Ganhamos dinheiro.

    Quem… dera!

    To express a fervent wish, it is very common in Portuguese to use the following construction:

    Quem + indirect object pronoun + dera + infinitive!
    Quem me dera não ter tantas dívidas! [How I wish I wasn’t so in debt.]
    Quem me dera poder passar um ano viajando! [Oh, how I’d love to be able to spend a year traveling!]
    Quem nos dera ter menos provinhas! [We sure would like to have fewer quizzes.]
    20.3 Practice- Prática

    20.3 A. Reescreva orações do tipo quem… dera! para expressar as seguintes ideias.

    Não ganho bastante para poder comprar um Mercedes.
    Quem me dera ganhar bastante para poder comprar um Mercedes!

    1. Não festejamos muitos êxitos hoje em dia.
    2. Não posso viajar frequentemente.
    3. Não consigo entender isto.
    4. Não estou na praia agora.
    5. Não sabemos falar português.

    Vocabulary – Vocabulário

    • a bacalhoada [codfish dinner]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • a batida [alcoholic fruit drink]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • o bife [steak]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • bem passado [well done]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • mal passado [rare]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • no ponto [medium]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • a cachaça [sugar cane liquor]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • o caldo verde [potato and kale soup]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • a canja [chicken soup with rice]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • o cardápio [menu]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • o chope [tap beer]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • o churrasco [barbecue]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • diverso, -a [diverse, various]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • a escolha [choice]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • a feijoada [black bean stew]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • a gorjeta [tip, gratuity]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • o menu [menu]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • picante [hot and spicy]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • o prato [dish, plate]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • razoavelmente [reasonably]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • ruim [bad]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • típico, -a [typical]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    Verbs – Verbos

    • adoecer [to become ill]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • demorar [to take a long time]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • despedir-se (de) (despeço-me) [to say goodbye]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • escolher [to choose]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • experimentar [to try, taste; try on; experiment]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • festejar [to celebrate]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • provar [to try, taste; try on; prove]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • tentar [to try, attempt]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    Expressions – Expressões

    • por mais/menos que (+ subj.) [no matter how much/little]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • por muito/pouco que (+ subj.) [no matter how much/little]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • O que há de novo? [What’s new?]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • Quais são as novidades? [What’s new?]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • Tudo bem! [Everything’s great!]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    • Tudo velho! [Not much!]

      An audio element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can listen to it online here: wisc.pb.unizin.org/portuguese/?p=63

    20.4 Practice – Prática

    Query \(\PageIndex{20.4 A.}\)

    20.4 B. Escreva em português.

    1. There is no language that I don’t understand.
    2. Don’t you see anything that you like?
    3. I don’t have any friends who like to party.
    4. We are looking for someone who has a lot of patience.
    5. I know a restaurant that serves typical Brazilian dishes.
    6. We don’t know anybody who doesn’t like barbecue.


    This page titled 2.39: Lição 20 is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Severino J. Albuquerque, Mary H. Schil, & Claude E. Leroy.

    • Was this article helpful?