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2.5: Lição 3

  • Page ID
    55134
    • Severino J. Albuquerque, Mary H. Schil, & Claude E. Leroy
    • Department of Spanish & Portuguese at UW-Madison

    Learning Objectives – Objetivos da Lição

    Lição 3 presents:

    • the demonstrative adjectives,
    • some irregular verbs in the present tense,
    • the verb phrase é que, and
    • basic vocabulary that includes languages and other relevant words.

    After completing this lesson, the student will be able to:

    • recognize and describe objects using demonstrativeadjectives.
    • provide more detailed responses using the demonstrative adjectives with their contractions.

    Grammar- Gramática

    Demonstrative Adjectives – Os adjetivos demonstrativos

    In Portuguese, the demonstrative adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. Given below are the demonstrative adjectives in all their forms:

      Masculine Feminine Translation
    Singular este esta [this (near speaker)]
      esse essa [that (near one addressed)]
      aquele aquela [that (far away)]
    Plural estes estas [these (near speaker)]
      esses essas [those (near one addressed)]
      aqueles aquelas [those (far away)]

    Contractions of common prepositions with demonstrative adjectives – Contrações de preposições comuns e adjetivos demonstrativos

    The contractions em, de, and a contract with the demonstrative adjectives as follows:

    em + este, -a, -es, -as = neste, nesta, nestes, nestas [in these, on these, at these]
    em + esse, -a, -es, -as = nesse, nessa, nesses, nessas [in those, on those, at those]
    em + aquele, -a, -es, -as = naquele, naquela, naqueles, naquelas [in that/those (far away), on that/those (far away), at that/those (far away)]
    de + este, -a, -es, -as = deste, desta, destes, destas [ of this/these, from this/these]
    de + esse, -a, -es, -as = desse, dessa, desses, dessas [of that/those, from that/those]
    de + aquele, -a, -es, -as = daquele, daquela, daqueles, daquelas [of that/those (far away), from that/those (far away)]
    a + aquele, -a, -es, -as = àquele, àquela, àqueles, àquelas [to that/those (far away), at that/those (far away)]

    *Note: The preposition a does not combine with the demonstrative adjectives este(s), esta(s), esse(s), essa(s).

    3.1 Practice – Prática

    Query \(\PageIndex{3.1 A. }\)

    Irregular Verbs in the Present Indicative – Verbos irregulares no presente do indicativo

    There are a number of irregular verbs in the present indicative tense which do not follow the pattern for regular verb conjugation. The student must learn each person of such verbs. Some of the most common irregular verbs are conjugated below.

    CRER (em) [to believe]
    Eu creio Nós cremos
    Você, ele, ela crê Vocês, eles, elas crêem
    DAR [to give]
    Eu dou Nós damos
    Você, ele, ela Vocês, eles, elas dão
    DIZER [to say, tell]
    Eu digo Nós dizemos
    Você, ele, ela diz Vocês, eles, elas dizem
    FAZER [to make, do]
    Eu faço Nós fazemos
    Você, ele, ela faz Vocês, eles, elas fazem
    IR (a) [to go]
    Eu vou Nós vamos
    Você, ele, ela vai Vocês, eles, elas vão
    LER [to read]
    Eu leio Nós lemos
    Você, ele, ela Vocês, eles, elas lêem
    PASSEAR [to take a walk, to go for a stroll]
    Eu passeio Nós passeamos
    Você, ele, ela passeia Vocês, eles, elas passeiam

    *Other verbs that follow this conjugation are BARBEAR-SE, BRONZEAR-SE, CEAR, CHATEAR, ESPERNEAR, PENTEAR, RECEAR, RODEAR, and SABOREAR. These verbs are discussed further in Lição 29.

    PÔR [to place, put]
    Eu ponho Nós pomos
    Você, ele, ela põe Vocês, eles, elas põem
    QUERER [to want, wish]
    Eu quero Nós queremos
    Você, ele, ela quer Vocês, eles, elas querem
    SAIR (de) [to leave, go out]
    Eu saio Nós saímos
    Você, ele, ela sai Vocês, eles, elas saem

    *Other verbs that follow this conjugation include CAIR.

    SORRIR [to smile]
    Eu sorrio Nós sorrimos
    Você, ele, ela sorri Vocês, eles, elas sorriem

    *The verb RIR [to laugh] also follows this conjugation.

    SUBIR [to go up, to climb]
    Eu subo Nós subimos
    Você, ele, ela sobe Vocês, eles, elas sobem

    *Other verbs that follow this conjugation include CONSUMIR and SUMIR.

    TER [to have]; TER QUE [to have to]
    Eu tenho Nós temos
    Você, ele, ela tem Vocês, eles, elas têm
    TRADUZIR [to translate]
    Eu traduzo Nós traduzimos
    Você, ele, ela traduz Vocês, eles, elas traduzem
    VER [to see]
    Eu vejo Nós vemos
    Você, ele, ela Vocês, eles, elas vêem
    VIR [to come]
    Eu venho Nós vimos
    Você, ele, ela vem Vocês, eles, elas vêm
    3.2 Practice – Prática

    Query \(\PageIndex{3.2 A.}\)

    Query \(\PageIndex{3.2 B. }\)

    Query \(\PageIndex{3.2 C. }\)

    The verb phrase “é que” – a frase verbal “é que”

    In colloquial Portuguese, the verb phrase é que is frequently used with interrogatives in a question for emphasis. The meaning of the question is not altered in any way.

    O que é que você vê no quadro? [What do you see on the blackboard?]
    Onde é que você mora? [Where do you live?]
    Quando é que vocês vão para a praia? [When are you going to the beach?]

    Vocabulary – Vocabulário

    Languages – As línguas

    • árabe [Arabic]

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    • alemão [German]

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    • chinês [Chinese]

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    • espanhol [Spanish]

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    • francês [French]

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    • holandês [Dutch]

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    • inglês [English]

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    • italiano [Italian]

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    • japonês [Japanese]

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    • português[Portuguese]

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    • russo [Russian]

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    Additional Vocabulary – Vocabulário Adicional

    • ainda [still, yet; even]

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    • ali [there]

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    • assim [thus, in that way, so]

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    • o campo [countryside; field]

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    • a carta [letter; playing card]

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    • o centro[downtown]

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    • a cidade [city]

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    • a coisa [thing]

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    • o convite [invitation]

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    • difícil [difficult]

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    • fácil [easy]

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    • a hora [hour]

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    • o jornal [newspaper]

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    • a manhã [morning]

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    • novamente[again, once more]

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    • novo, -a[new, young]

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    • outro, -a [other, another]

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    • o país [country]

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    • o parque[park]

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    • porque [because]

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    • o presente [present, gift]

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    • o problema[problem]

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    • o recado [message]

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    • a revista [magazine]

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    • tanto -a [so much]

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    • o telefonema[telephone call]

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    • velho, -a [old]

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    • o/a vizinho, -a [neighbor]

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    • a voz [voice]

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    Verbs – Verbos

    • abrir [to open]

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    • comer [to eat]

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    • compreender [to understand]

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    • conhecer (conheço) [to know, meet, be acquainted with]

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    • convidar (para) [to invite]

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    • ensinar (a) [to teach]

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    • entrar (em) [to go in, come in, enter]

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    • escolher[to choose]

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    • fechar [to close]

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    • morar [to live, reside]

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    • ouvir (ouço) [to hear, listen]

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    • partir[to leave]

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    • receber [to receive]

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    • telefonar[to telephone]

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    • trabalhar [to work]

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    • viver [to live, to exist]

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    Expressions- Expressões

    • ainda não [not yet]

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    • Como se diz …? [How do you say …?]

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    • Como se escreve …? [How do you spell …?]

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    • Diga-me, … [Tell me, …]

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    • estar de pé [to be standing]

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    • estar sentado, -a [to be sitting, seated]

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    • fazer compras [to go shopping]

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    • fazer perguntas [to ask questions]

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    • Já está na hora [Time’s up, it’s time]

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    • O que quer dizer …? [What does … mean?]

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    • Puxa! [Well! What do you know?!]

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    • um pouco de …[a little bit of …]

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    3.3 Practice – Prática

    Query \(\PageIndex{3.3 A. }\)

    3.3 B. Translate.

    1. inside this room
    2. near those cars
    3. on that table
    4. these boys’ shoes
    5. We leave home early.
    6. Who lives in that house?
    7. Do you believe this man?

    3.3 C. Answer each question with a complete sentence, using in your reply the expression found opposite it. Observe in the following example:

    O que é que você fala? português
    -Eu falo português.

    1. O que é que você vê? aquele carro
    2. O que é que você é? estudante
    3. O que é que você repete? o que você diz
    4. O que é que você lê? as revistas
    5. Onde é que Paulo mora? naquela casa amarela
    6. Onde é que a Ana faz compras? nesta cidade
    7. Onde é que vocês estão? perto da praia
    8. Quando é que vocês vão ao cinema? nas quartas-feiras
    9. Como é que vocês traduzem isto? sem problemas
    10. Quando é que Eduardo e Tânia partem? neste sábado
    11. Como é que eles estão agora? bem
    12. Quem é que pode abrir esta janela? Ricardo
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